Science, for long time during the history unable to identify the origin of mental illness, has often had to yield to empirical and/or magical practices. The middle ages reflects the contrasting reactions aroused by mental disorders, inspired by various medical cultures : while the Christian world seems to forget the legacy of classical antiquity to favor one religious reading, Islam feeds on ancient authors to structure a real medical approach. Located in the center of the Mediterranean, Sardinia is at the heart of this dualism. An exploration of approaches to melancholy between the eleventh and fifteenth centuries helped to highlight some cases of mental disorders listed in the archival sources, but also elements that can help us to reconstruct the course of training physicians from Provencal, Catalan and Italian who practiced on the island. Wealth of documents consulted invites a reflection on the approaches to depressive illnesses in the island, torn between vision “religious” (acedia, sloth) and “scientific” (melancholy) of mental illnesses.

Entre acédie et mélancolie, pistes «sardes» de réflexion

RAPETTI, MARIANGELA;TASCA, CECILIA
2014

Abstract

Science, for long time during the history unable to identify the origin of mental illness, has often had to yield to empirical and/or magical practices. The middle ages reflects the contrasting reactions aroused by mental disorders, inspired by various medical cultures : while the Christian world seems to forget the legacy of classical antiquity to favor one religious reading, Islam feeds on ancient authors to structure a real medical approach. Located in the center of the Mediterranean, Sardinia is at the heart of this dualism. An exploration of approaches to melancholy between the eleventh and fifteenth centuries helped to highlight some cases of mental disorders listed in the archival sources, but also elements that can help us to reconstruct the course of training physicians from Provencal, Catalan and Italian who practiced on the island. Wealth of documents consulted invites a reflection on the approaches to depressive illnesses in the island, torn between vision “religious” (acedia, sloth) and “scientific” (melancholy) of mental illnesses.
9782759816866
Longtemps incapable d’identifier l’origine de la maladie mentale, la science au cours de l’histoire a souvent dû s’effacer devant les pratiques empiriques et/ou magiques. L’époque médiévale reflète les réactions contrastées que suscitent les troubles mentaux, inspirées par des cultures médicales diverses : tandis que le monde chrétien semble oublier l’héritage de l’Antiquité classique pour privilégier une lecture religieuse, l'Islam se nourrit des auteurs anciens pour structurer une véritable approche médicale. Située au centre de la Méditerranée, la Sardaigne est au cœur de ce dualisme. Une exploration des approches à la mélancolie entre les XIe et XVe siècles a permis de mettre en lumière certains cas de troubles mentaux référencés dans les sources d’archives, mais également des éléments susceptibles de nous aider à reconstruire le parcours de formation des médecins de provenance provençale, catalane et italienne qui exerçaient dans l’île. La richesse des documents consultés invite à une réflexion approfondie sur les approches aux maladies dépressives dans l’espace insulaire, tiraillées entre vision « religieuse » (acédie) et « scientifique » (mélancolie) des pathologies mentales.
Acédie, Espace méditerranéen, Mélancolie, Moyen-Âge, Sardaigne, Mediterranean région, Melancholy, Middle Ages, Sardinia, Sloth
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/102481
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