Experimental and theoretical evidences showed that multiple classifier systems (MCSs) can outperform single classifiers in terms of classification accuracy. MCSs are currently used in several kinds of applications, among which security applications like biometric identity recognition, intrusion detection in computer networks and spam filtering. However security systems operate in adversarial environments against intelligent adversaries who try to evade them, and are therefore characterised by the requirement of a high robustness to evasion besides a high classification accuracy. The effectiveness of MCSs in improving the hardness of evasion has not been investigated yet, and their use in security systems is mainly based on intuitive and qualitative motivations, besides some experimental evidence. In this chapter we address the issue of investigating why and how MCSs can improve the hardness of evasion of security systems in adversarial environments. To this aim we develop analytical models of adversarial classification problems (also exploiting a theoretical framework recently proposed by other authors), and apply them to analyse two strategies currently used to implement MCSs in several applications. We then give an experimental investigation of the considered strategies on a case study in spam filtering, using a large corpus of publicly available spam and legitimate e-mails, and the SpamAssassin, widely used open source spam filter.

Evade Hard Multiple Classifier Systems

BIGGIO, BATTISTA;FUMERA, GIORGIO;ROLI, FABIO
2009

Abstract

Experimental and theoretical evidences showed that multiple classifier systems (MCSs) can outperform single classifiers in terms of classification accuracy. MCSs are currently used in several kinds of applications, among which security applications like biometric identity recognition, intrusion detection in computer networks and spam filtering. However security systems operate in adversarial environments against intelligent adversaries who try to evade them, and are therefore characterised by the requirement of a high robustness to evasion besides a high classification accuracy. The effectiveness of MCSs in improving the hardness of evasion has not been investigated yet, and their use in security systems is mainly based on intuitive and qualitative motivations, besides some experimental evidence. In this chapter we address the issue of investigating why and how MCSs can improve the hardness of evasion of security systems in adversarial environments. To this aim we develop analytical models of adversarial classification problems (also exploiting a theoretical framework recently proposed by other authors), and apply them to analyse two strategies currently used to implement MCSs in several applications. We then give an experimental investigation of the considered strategies on a case study in spam filtering, using a large corpus of publicly available spam and legitimate e-mails, and the SpamAssassin, widely used open source spam filter.
978-3-642-03998-0
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/106116
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