Europe currently faces a severe economic and financial Great Crisis. It is often described as a sovereign debt crisis, but in fact it is really a sequence of interactions between sovereign problems and banking problems that caused a severe economic slowdown. It also caused a fragmentation of euro area financial markets. The explanation of the crisis focuses on the imbalances of European Monetary Union (EMU) countries balance-of-payments, where TARGET2 payment system became crucial, reflecting funding stress in the banking systems of crisis-hit countries. The decisions by European leaders to set up a banking union and the announcement, as well as adoption, of non-standard measures by the European Central Bank (ECB) greatly contributed to restoring confidence in euro area financial markets, improving market sentiment and reversing the earlier trend towards market fragmentation. Anyway, an expansion of European aggregate demand is needed to promote growth, and to this aim the role of Germany is crucial.
|Titolo:||The European Twin Sovereign Debt and Banking Crises|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Tipologia:||2.1 Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio)|