The presented research is part of a broader project DIEM-SSP - Disasters and Emergencies Management for Safety and Security in industrial Plants - aimed at managing major industrial emergencies by considering both medical and engineering/logistics issues. When a disaster occurs it is necessary to immediately provide relief plans. Many decision must be made in very short time, which may have a relevant impact on the consequences of the disaster. An efficient and smart exploitation of available resources it is necessary to mitigate damages. From a logistics point of view, one of the major issues in the event of a major industrial disaster (fire, explosion or toxic gas dispersion) is to evacuate the external population that can be affected by the disaster to specific evacuation-areas. The purpose of the research is to determine the optimal number and allocation of vehicles (buses) which must be involved in order to evacuate the population located in a defined risk-area around the emergency site and the optimal location for evacuation-areas. For that reason a dynamic version of the Bus Allocation Problem is proposed using a Mixed Integer Programming Model.

A bus allocation model for major industrial disasters

FADDA, PAOLO;FANCELLO, GIANFRANCO;MANCINI, SIMONA;PANI, CLAUDIA
2017-01-01

Abstract

The presented research is part of a broader project DIEM-SSP - Disasters and Emergencies Management for Safety and Security in industrial Plants - aimed at managing major industrial emergencies by considering both medical and engineering/logistics issues. When a disaster occurs it is necessary to immediately provide relief plans. Many decision must be made in very short time, which may have a relevant impact on the consequences of the disaster. An efficient and smart exploitation of available resources it is necessary to mitigate damages. From a logistics point of view, one of the major issues in the event of a major industrial disaster (fire, explosion or toxic gas dispersion) is to evacuate the external population that can be affected by the disaster to specific evacuation-areas. The purpose of the research is to determine the optimal number and allocation of vehicles (buses) which must be involved in order to evacuate the population located in a defined risk-area around the emergency site and the optimal location for evacuation-areas. For that reason a dynamic version of the Bus Allocation Problem is proposed using a Mixed Integer Programming Model.
978-953-51-3296-7
978-953-51-3295-0
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/214835
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