Efflux pumps of the resistance nodulation division (RND) superfamily are among the major contributors to intrinsic and acquired multidrug resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. Structural information on AcrAB-TolC and MexAB-OprM, major efflux pumps of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa respectively, boosted intensive research aimed at understanding the molecular mechanisms ruling the active extrusion processes. In particular, several studies were devoted to the understanding of the determinants behind the extraordinary broad specificity of the RND transporters AcrB and MexB. In this chapter, we discuss the ever-growing role computational methods have been playing in deciphering key structural and dynamical features of these transporters and of their interaction with substrates and inhibitors. We further discuss and illustrate examples from our lab of how molecular docking, homology modeling, all-atom molecular dynamics simulations and in silico free energy estimations can all together give precious insights into the processes of recognition and extrusion of substrates, as well as on the possible inhibition strategies.

Molecular Modeling of Multidrug Properties of Resistance Nodulation Division (RND) Transporters

Cacciotto, Pierpaolo;Ramaswamy, Venkata K;Malloci, Giuliano;Ruggerone, Paolo;Vargiu, Attilio V.
2018

Abstract

Efflux pumps of the resistance nodulation division (RND) superfamily are among the major contributors to intrinsic and acquired multidrug resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. Structural information on AcrAB-TolC and MexAB-OprM, major efflux pumps of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa respectively, boosted intensive research aimed at understanding the molecular mechanisms ruling the active extrusion processes. In particular, several studies were devoted to the understanding of the determinants behind the extraordinary broad specificity of the RND transporters AcrB and MexB. In this chapter, we discuss the ever-growing role computational methods have been playing in deciphering key structural and dynamical features of these transporters and of their interaction with substrates and inhibitors. We further discuss and illustrate examples from our lab of how molecular docking, homology modeling, all-atom molecular dynamics simulations and in silico free energy estimations can all together give precious insights into the processes of recognition and extrusion of substrates, as well as on the possible inhibition strategies.
978-1-4939-7452-8
978-1-4939-7454-2
Efflux pumps; Free energy calculations; Gram-negative bacteria; Homology modeling; MD simulations; MM/GBSA; Membrane proteins; Molecular docking; RND transporters
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/231695
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