The Ingurtosu Pb–Zn mine (S-W Sardinia) was exploited for about a century until 1968. Huge amounts of tailings were abandoned, resulting in long-term heavy metal dispersion processes in both soils and waters. Zn and Pb concentration in tailings and soils attains values up to thousands of mg per kilogram. The maximum Zn concentration in water attains several hundreds of mg per liter, whereas Cd and Pb concentrations are in the order of thousands of μg per liter. Heavy metal concentration in waters of Rio Naracauli, the main stream of the area, is abated by seasonal biomineralization processes. Precipitation of hydrozincite [Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6] and of a Zn-rich amorphous phase results in a decrease of Zn concentration down to a few mg per liter. Other metals such as Pb, Cd, Cu, and Ni are coprecipitated with the Zn phases. This chapter reports the state of our knowledge on the Naracauli biomineralization process.

Natural Biomineralization in the Contaminated Sediment-Water System at the Ingurtosu Abandoned Mine / Medas D; Cidu R; Lattanzi P; Podda F; De Giudici G. - 31(2012), pp. 113-130.

Natural biomineralization in the contaminated sediment-water system at the Ingurtosu abandoned mine

MEDAS, DANIELA;CIDU, ROSA;LATTANZI, PIERFRANCO;DE GIUDICI, GIOVANNI BATTISTA
2012

Abstract

The Ingurtosu Pb–Zn mine (S-W Sardinia) was exploited for about a century until 1968. Huge amounts of tailings were abandoned, resulting in long-term heavy metal dispersion processes in both soils and waters. Zn and Pb concentration in tailings and soils attains values up to thousands of mg per kilogram. The maximum Zn concentration in water attains several hundreds of mg per liter, whereas Cd and Pb concentrations are in the order of thousands of μg per liter. Heavy metal concentration in waters of Rio Naracauli, the main stream of the area, is abated by seasonal biomineralization processes. Precipitation of hydrozincite [Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6] and of a Zn-rich amorphous phase results in a decrease of Zn concentration down to a few mg per liter. Other metals such as Pb, Cd, Cu, and Ni are coprecipitated with the Zn phases. This chapter reports the state of our knowledge on the Naracauli biomineralization process.
978-3-642-233272
Biomineralization; Heavy metals; Abandoned mine; Sardinia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/63127
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