Various studies have confirmed that regular exercise has many positive effects on the physiological functions and motor skills of the elderly, and significantly improves psychological and social well-being. Exercise has been noted as the reason for changes in multiple aspects of physical self-concept, which is considered to be an important indicator of psychological well-being. Most studies have used samples of previously sedentary elderly whom were generally observed only once. However, this longitudinal research examines the influences of physical activity on multiple dimensions of physical self-concept in a sample of 84 already physically active elderly women. It examines the relationships between the change in physical self perception, age, years of activity, the initial level of self esteem and improvement of motor skills. It found that change in physical self-concept was significant in the less active elderly women and in the elderly women who initially had low self esteem. Those who initially had high self esteem, or who had been active for several years, maintained or had a reduction in their physical self perceptions, without any other improvements. We noted no significant differences due to age. In addition, it found that physical and psychological improvements did not have the same trend. In conclusion, regular motor activity has many positive effects on self-concept and the well-being of women with little motor experience and low self esteem, which remain stable over time.

Diamo vita agli anni. Effetti della attività motoria sul concetto di Sé fisico nelle donne anziane

GUICCIARDI, MARCO
2003

Abstract

Various studies have confirmed that regular exercise has many positive effects on the physiological functions and motor skills of the elderly, and significantly improves psychological and social well-being. Exercise has been noted as the reason for changes in multiple aspects of physical self-concept, which is considered to be an important indicator of psychological well-being. Most studies have used samples of previously sedentary elderly whom were generally observed only once. However, this longitudinal research examines the influences of physical activity on multiple dimensions of physical self-concept in a sample of 84 already physically active elderly women. It examines the relationships between the change in physical self perception, age, years of activity, the initial level of self esteem and improvement of motor skills. It found that change in physical self-concept was significant in the less active elderly women and in the elderly women who initially had low self esteem. Those who initially had high self esteem, or who had been active for several years, maintained or had a reduction in their physical self perceptions, without any other improvements. We noted no significant differences due to age. In addition, it found that physical and psychological improvements did not have the same trend. In conclusion, regular motor activity has many positive effects on self-concept and the well-being of women with little motor experience and low self esteem, which remain stable over time.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/7611
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