While most activity recognition systems rely on data-driven approaches, the use of knowledge-driven techniques is gaining increasing interest. Research in this field has mainly concentrated on the use of ontologies to specify the semantics of activities, and ontological reasoning to recognize them based on context information. However, at the time of writing, the experimental evaluation of these techniques is limited to computational aspects; their actual effectiveness is still unknown. As a first step to fill this gap, in this paper, we experimentally evaluate the effectiveness of the ontological approach, using an activity dataset collected in a smart-home setting. Preliminary results suggest that existing ontological techniques underperform data-driven ones, mainly because they lack support for reasoning with temporal information. Indeed, we show that, when ontological techniques are extended with even simple forms of temporal reasoning, their effectiveness is comparable to the one of a state-of-the-art technique based on Hidden Markov Models. Then, we indicate possible research directions to further improve the effectiveness of ontology-based activity recognition through temporal reasoning.
|Titolo:||Is ontology-based activity recognition really effective?|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Tipologia:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|