In recent years the attention on natural gas production and utilization is growing due to different fundamental aspects. First, the availability of natural gas has increased thanks to technological improvements in the extraction techniques that have made possible the production from unconventional reservoirs. Second, the interest in clean energy is growing, aiming to reduce CO2 emission and thus global warming. Natural gas is a cleaner fossil fuel compared with other traditional energy sources such as oil and coal. Another reason that drives the attention on this fossil fuel is the increasing economic interest of recovering the heavier hydrocarbon fractions contained in it. The fractionation of natural gas liquids (NGL) is an energy-demanding process, often conducted with a separation train that includes cryogenic distillation columns. This work is intended to show how to achieve an energy-efficient recovery of NGLs with a proper control strategy and without composition analyzers. In particular, the effects of a combined cascade control with boilup approximation plus a pressure compensator control for the demethanizer section, on the desired NGL extraction product targets are investigated and compared under feed flowrate disturbances with conventional direct temperature controllers. Overall, it is shown that the cascade control plus pressure compensator provides the best performance and the lowest energy consumption.

Effect of the demethanizer improved control strategy on the separation train for the NGL separation process

Mandis M.;Baratti R.;Tronci S.
2022-01-01

Abstract

In recent years the attention on natural gas production and utilization is growing due to different fundamental aspects. First, the availability of natural gas has increased thanks to technological improvements in the extraction techniques that have made possible the production from unconventional reservoirs. Second, the interest in clean energy is growing, aiming to reduce CO2 emission and thus global warming. Natural gas is a cleaner fossil fuel compared with other traditional energy sources such as oil and coal. Another reason that drives the attention on this fossil fuel is the increasing economic interest of recovering the heavier hydrocarbon fractions contained in it. The fractionation of natural gas liquids (NGL) is an energy-demanding process, often conducted with a separation train that includes cryogenic distillation columns. This work is intended to show how to achieve an energy-efficient recovery of NGLs with a proper control strategy and without composition analyzers. In particular, the effects of a combined cascade control with boilup approximation plus a pressure compensator control for the demethanizer section, on the desired NGL extraction product targets are investigated and compared under feed flowrate disturbances with conventional direct temperature controllers. Overall, it is shown that the cascade control plus pressure compensator provides the best performance and the lowest energy consumption.
2022
Dynamic process simulation
Multicomponent distillation
Natural gas liquids recovery
Pressure compensated temperature
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/344013
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