Somatotyping is a practical technique for the description of physique. Individuals with Type 2 diabetes are characterized by physical peculiarities, such as overweight, obesity and a central pattern of body fat distribution. Somatotype applications to diabetes are limited. The objective of this study is to describe the somatotype of elderly type 2 diabetes patients. The sample consisted of 110 patients with type 2 diabetes (45 men, mean age 69.4±7.0 years; 65 women, mean age 72.9±7.1 years). The pathological subjects were compared with a control group consisting of 280 healthy individuals (134 men, mean age 74.2±7.3 years; 146 women, mean age 74.9±7.4 years). The Heath-Carter somatotype was applied. Diabetic men and women (mean somatotype, respectively: 6.8–5.6–0.6 and 8.6–6.4–0.2) presented significantly higher values of endomorphy than the controls (p=0.043 in men, p=0.003 in women); men also had a lower mesomorphic component (p=0.000). The somatotype method revealed physical peculiarities in type 2 diabetes patients. The marked endomorphy in the pathological individuals can be related to general fatness, which is a well known disease risk factor. The somatotype appears to be a suitable technique for the assessment of physique in type 2 diabetes patients.
|Titolo:||Somatotype in elderly type 2 diabetes patients|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|