The magnetic properties of ultra-small (3 nm) CoFe2O4 nanoparticles have been investigated by DC magnetization measurements as a function of temperature and magnetic field. The main features of the magnetic behaviour are blocking of non-interacting particle moments (zero-field-cooled magnetization Tmax ≈ 40 K), a rapid increase of saturation magnetization (up to values higher than for the bulk material) at low T and an increase in anisotropy below 30 K due to the appearance of exchange bias. The low temperature behaviour is determined by a random freezing of surface spins. Localized spin-canting and cation distribution between the two sublattices of the spinel structure account quantitatively for the observed increase in saturation magnetization.

Surface spin freezing effects on enhanced saturation magnetization and magnetic anisotropy in CoFe2O4 nanoparticles

CANNAS, CARLA;
2010-01-01

Abstract

The magnetic properties of ultra-small (3 nm) CoFe2O4 nanoparticles have been investigated by DC magnetization measurements as a function of temperature and magnetic field. The main features of the magnetic behaviour are blocking of non-interacting particle moments (zero-field-cooled magnetization Tmax ≈ 40 K), a rapid increase of saturation magnetization (up to values higher than for the bulk material) at low T and an increase in anisotropy below 30 K due to the appearance of exchange bias. The low temperature behaviour is determined by a random freezing of surface spins. Localized spin-canting and cation distribution between the two sublattices of the spinel structure account quantitatively for the observed increase in saturation magnetization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/102113
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