Ethambutol (EMB) is in use worldwide as a first-line anti-tuberculosis drug and substitutions in codon 306 of the embB gene are the most common mutations found in EMB resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains. Pyrosequencing is a real time sequencing method able to rapidly detect mutations in a large number of samples. Using this technique we analyzed, in parallel with conventional sequencing, a 24 bp region of the embB gene of 28 MTB clinical isolates. Pyrosequencing efficiently identified all embB306 mutations, detecting three different single-base substitutions leading to 2 amino acid changes (Met to Val or Ile). Mutated embB alleles were detected in 2 multidrug-resistant (MDR) EMB-susceptible strains. Overall, our results demonstrated that the Pyrosequencing method efficiently recognizes mutations in embB in a very short time and represents a valid molecular method to detect mutations in the MTB embB306 region.

A Pyrosequencing assay for rapid recognition of SNPs in Mycobacterium tuberculosis embB306 region

ISOLA, DANIELA;ORRU, GERMANO
2005-01-01

Abstract

Ethambutol (EMB) is in use worldwide as a first-line anti-tuberculosis drug and substitutions in codon 306 of the embB gene are the most common mutations found in EMB resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains. Pyrosequencing is a real time sequencing method able to rapidly detect mutations in a large number of samples. Using this technique we analyzed, in parallel with conventional sequencing, a 24 bp region of the embB gene of 28 MTB clinical isolates. Pyrosequencing efficiently identified all embB306 mutations, detecting three different single-base substitutions leading to 2 amino acid changes (Met to Val or Ile). Mutated embB alleles were detected in 2 multidrug-resistant (MDR) EMB-susceptible strains. Overall, our results demonstrated that the Pyrosequencing method efficiently recognizes mutations in embB in a very short time and represents a valid molecular method to detect mutations in the MTB embB306 region.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/103037
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