Abstract Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the causative agent of Bluetongue (BT) disease in ruminant livestock and occurs almost worldwide between latitudes 35◦S and 50◦N; 24 serotypes of BTV are known of which 8 circulate periodically within parts of the Mediterranean Region. A fast (about 3.5 h) and versatile diagnostic procedure able to detect and quantify BTV-RNA, has been developed using a Molecular Beacon (MB) fluorescent probe; PCR primers were designed to target 91 bp within the NS3 conserved region of the viral RNA segment 10 (S10) and bracketed the MB fluorescence probe hybridisation site. The MB fluorescent probe was used to develop two Bluetongue serogroup-specific assays: a quantitative real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and a traditional RT-PCR. These were tested using BTV-RNAs extracted from the blood and organs of BT-affected animals, and from virus isolate suspensions. The samples included ten serotypes (BTV-1–BTV-9 and BTV-16); of these, BTV serotypes -1, -2, -4, -9 and -16 have since 1998 been involved in the extensive outbreaks of BT across the Mediterranean Region. To evaluate the specificity and sensitivity of the MB probe, all positive samples (and negative controls) were tested using the developed quantitative real time RT-PCR and traditional RT-PCR assays. The former test had a detection limit of 103 cDNA molecules per reaction with a log-linear quantification range of up to 1011 (R2 = 0.98), while the latter test was able to detect 500 cDNA-BTV molecules/PCR. The results show that the MB fluorescent probe is both rapid and versatile for the laboratory diagnosis of Bluetongue and for quantifying levels of viraemia in BTV-affected animals. An “in silico” comparison of the primers and MB fluorescent probe used in this study showed that it is possible to detect all 24 serotypes of BTV.

Rapid detection and quantitation of Bluetongue virus (BTV) using a Molecular Beacon fluorescent probe assay

ORRU, GERMANO;MELONI, MAURO;
2006

Abstract

Abstract Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the causative agent of Bluetongue (BT) disease in ruminant livestock and occurs almost worldwide between latitudes 35◦S and 50◦N; 24 serotypes of BTV are known of which 8 circulate periodically within parts of the Mediterranean Region. A fast (about 3.5 h) and versatile diagnostic procedure able to detect and quantify BTV-RNA, has been developed using a Molecular Beacon (MB) fluorescent probe; PCR primers were designed to target 91 bp within the NS3 conserved region of the viral RNA segment 10 (S10) and bracketed the MB fluorescence probe hybridisation site. The MB fluorescent probe was used to develop two Bluetongue serogroup-specific assays: a quantitative real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and a traditional RT-PCR. These were tested using BTV-RNAs extracted from the blood and organs of BT-affected animals, and from virus isolate suspensions. The samples included ten serotypes (BTV-1–BTV-9 and BTV-16); of these, BTV serotypes -1, -2, -4, -9 and -16 have since 1998 been involved in the extensive outbreaks of BT across the Mediterranean Region. To evaluate the specificity and sensitivity of the MB probe, all positive samples (and negative controls) were tested using the developed quantitative real time RT-PCR and traditional RT-PCR assays. The former test had a detection limit of 103 cDNA molecules per reaction with a log-linear quantification range of up to 1011 (R2 = 0.98), while the latter test was able to detect 500 cDNA-BTV molecules/PCR. The results show that the MB fluorescent probe is both rapid and versatile for the laboratory diagnosis of Bluetongue and for quantifying levels of viraemia in BTV-affected animals. An “in silico” comparison of the primers and MB fluorescent probe used in this study showed that it is possible to detect all 24 serotypes of BTV.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/103932
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