The effect of isradipine and nimodipine, two dihydropyridine calcium antagonists, on intravenous self-administration of cocaine and morphine in naive mice has been investigated. When morphine or cocaine injections were made contingent upon nose-poke response by naive mice, they increased their rate of nose-poking with respect to animals receiving contingent saline injections or yoked control animals, receiving noncontingent cocaine or morphine injections. Pretreatment of mice with isradipine (1.0-3.0 mg/kg, SC) or nimodipine (5-20 mg/kg, SC) inhibited in a dose-related manner self-administration both of cocaine and morphine contingent upon a nose-poke response. The ED50 of isradipine against cocaine and morphine self-administration was 1.7 and 2.1 mg/kg, respectively. The relative values for nimodipine were 14.5 and 11.4 mg/kg, respectively. These data suggest that nimodipine and, especially, isradipine suppress the reinforcing properties of morphine and cocaine and may be an effective pharmacotherapy for treatment of cocaine and heroin abuse.

Calcium antagonists isradipine and nimodipine suppress cocaine and morphine intravenous self-administration in drug-naive mice / KUZMIN A; ZVARTAU E; GESSA GL; MARTELLOTTA MC; FRATTA W. - 41(1992), pp. 497-500;.

Calcium antagonists isradipine and nimodipine suppress cocaine and morphine intravenous self-administration in drug-naive mice

FRATTA, WALTER
1992

Abstract

The effect of isradipine and nimodipine, two dihydropyridine calcium antagonists, on intravenous self-administration of cocaine and morphine in naive mice has been investigated. When morphine or cocaine injections were made contingent upon nose-poke response by naive mice, they increased their rate of nose-poking with respect to animals receiving contingent saline injections or yoked control animals, receiving noncontingent cocaine or morphine injections. Pretreatment of mice with isradipine (1.0-3.0 mg/kg, SC) or nimodipine (5-20 mg/kg, SC) inhibited in a dose-related manner self-administration both of cocaine and morphine contingent upon a nose-poke response. The ED50 of isradipine against cocaine and morphine self-administration was 1.7 and 2.1 mg/kg, respectively. The relative values for nimodipine were 14.5 and 11.4 mg/kg, respectively. These data suggest that nimodipine and, especially, isradipine suppress the reinforcing properties of morphine and cocaine and may be an effective pharmacotherapy for treatment of cocaine and heroin abuse.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/1054
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