A series of 3-aryl-4-hydroxycoumarin derivatives was synthesized with the aim to find out the structural features for the MAO inhibitory activity and selectivity. Methoxy and/or chloro substituents were introduced in the 3-phenyl ring, whereas the position 6 in the coumarin moiety was not substituted or substituted with a methyl group or a chloro atom due to their different electronic, steric and/or lipophilic properties. Most of the synthesized compounds presented MAO-B inhibitory activity. The presence of methoxy and chloro groups, respectively in the para and meta positions of the 3-phenyl ring, have an important influence on the inhibitory activity. Moreover, the presence of a chloro atom in the six position of the moiety (compound 7) improved the inhibitor activity as well as its selectivity against MAO-B compared with iproniazide, used as reference compound. Docking experiments were carried out to understand which are the most energetically preferred orientations adopted by compounds 5, 6 and 7 inside the MAO-B binding pocket.

Hydroxycoumarins as selective MAO-B inhibitors

SERRA, SILVIA;FERINO, GIULIO;DELOGU, GIOVANNA LUCIA;CADONI, ENZO;
2012

Abstract

A series of 3-aryl-4-hydroxycoumarin derivatives was synthesized with the aim to find out the structural features for the MAO inhibitory activity and selectivity. Methoxy and/or chloro substituents were introduced in the 3-phenyl ring, whereas the position 6 in the coumarin moiety was not substituted or substituted with a methyl group or a chloro atom due to their different electronic, steric and/or lipophilic properties. Most of the synthesized compounds presented MAO-B inhibitory activity. The presence of methoxy and chloro groups, respectively in the para and meta positions of the 3-phenyl ring, have an important influence on the inhibitory activity. Moreover, the presence of a chloro atom in the six position of the moiety (compound 7) improved the inhibitor activity as well as its selectivity against MAO-B compared with iproniazide, used as reference compound. Docking experiments were carried out to understand which are the most energetically preferred orientations adopted by compounds 5, 6 and 7 inside the MAO-B binding pocket.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/109150
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