To validate a rat model of acute arterial mesenteric ischemia correlating MRI patterns with macro and microscopic changes in the small bowel. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to two experimental groups (Group I and Group II) of fifteen rats each. Group I underwent surgical procedure of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ligation, followed by macroscopic observation. In Group II, a loop was tied loosely around the SMA without occluding the vessel. Three days after surgery, the loop was tied by external tips to completely occlude the artery. 7T microMR (7Tesla microMR) was performed before and 8 hours after SMA occlusion. At predetermined time-points the histopathological examinations were performed in both of groups. Macroscopic monitoring revealed thinning of mesenteric vessels, hypotonic reflex ileus and chromatic change of some loops. 7T microMR sequences evidenced loop dilation with gas-fluid mixed stasis, intraperitoneal free fluid and bowel wall hyperintensity. There were no significant differences in the histological analysis between the two groups. The gap of three days from surgery, adopted in the Group 2, allowed to avoid signs of peritoneal and mesenteric irritation which could bias imaging patterns. MR succeeded to identify the signs of arterial mesenteric ischemia.

7T mMR in the assessment of acute arterial mesenteric ischemia in a rat model

SABA, LUCA;
2013

Abstract

To validate a rat model of acute arterial mesenteric ischemia correlating MRI patterns with macro and microscopic changes in the small bowel. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to two experimental groups (Group I and Group II) of fifteen rats each. Group I underwent surgical procedure of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ligation, followed by macroscopic observation. In Group II, a loop was tied loosely around the SMA without occluding the vessel. Three days after surgery, the loop was tied by external tips to completely occlude the artery. 7T microMR (7Tesla microMR) was performed before and 8 hours after SMA occlusion. At predetermined time-points the histopathological examinations were performed in both of groups. Macroscopic monitoring revealed thinning of mesenteric vessels, hypotonic reflex ileus and chromatic change of some loops. 7T microMR sequences evidenced loop dilation with gas-fluid mixed stasis, intraperitoneal free fluid and bowel wall hyperintensity. There were no significant differences in the histological analysis between the two groups. The gap of three days from surgery, adopted in the Group 2, allowed to avoid signs of peritoneal and mesenteric irritation which could bias imaging patterns. MR succeeded to identify the signs of arterial mesenteric ischemia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/110695
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