Objectives The present study was aimed at targeting the skin to deliver lidocaine loaded in surfactant/phospholipid vesicles tailored for improved local delivery. The influence of different formulation parameters was explored to maximise drug efficacy. Methods The vesicles were prepared using a mixture of soy lipids (Phospholipon 50) and a surfactant with penetration-enhancing properties (Oramix CG110, Labrasol, Labrafac PG or Labrafac CC), and loaded with lidocaine. The formulations were analysed in detail by cryo-TEM, SAXS, Turbiscan Lab, and tested in permeation experiments through new born pig skin, as a function of the chemical form and concentration of lidocaine (i.e. free base or salt, 12.5 or 25 mg/ml). Key findings Small, spherical vesicles with good entrapment efficiency and exceptional long-term stability were produced. The lamellar organisation was affected by either the surfactant or the lidocaine form used. Permeation studies highlighted that the co-incorporation of lidocaine base + hydrochloride allowed the achievement of a superior deposition in the skin layers, especially when surfactant vesicles were used, as their content was presumably saturated with the maximum amount of loadable anaesthetic. Conclusions The proposed systems based on surfactant/phospholipid vesicles co-loaded with both lidocaine forms are an effective approach for improving its local delivery

Exploring the co-loading of lidocaine chemical forms in surfactant/phospholipid vesicles for improved skin delivery

CADDEO, CARLA;VALENTI, DONATELLA;MANCONI, MARIA;FADDA, ANNA MARIA
2015

Abstract

Objectives The present study was aimed at targeting the skin to deliver lidocaine loaded in surfactant/phospholipid vesicles tailored for improved local delivery. The influence of different formulation parameters was explored to maximise drug efficacy. Methods The vesicles were prepared using a mixture of soy lipids (Phospholipon 50) and a surfactant with penetration-enhancing properties (Oramix CG110, Labrasol, Labrafac PG or Labrafac CC), and loaded with lidocaine. The formulations were analysed in detail by cryo-TEM, SAXS, Turbiscan Lab, and tested in permeation experiments through new born pig skin, as a function of the chemical form and concentration of lidocaine (i.e. free base or salt, 12.5 or 25 mg/ml). Key findings Small, spherical vesicles with good entrapment efficiency and exceptional long-term stability were produced. The lamellar organisation was affected by either the surfactant or the lidocaine form used. Permeation studies highlighted that the co-incorporation of lidocaine base + hydrochloride allowed the achievement of a superior deposition in the skin layers, especially when surfactant vesicles were used, as their content was presumably saturated with the maximum amount of loadable anaesthetic. Conclusions The proposed systems based on surfactant/phospholipid vesicles co-loaded with both lidocaine forms are an effective approach for improving its local delivery
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/112185
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