The feeding of Aedes aegypti (L.) on blood is induced by the presence of phagostimulants: adenine nucleotides. Three chemoreceptive cells in the labral apical sensilla can distinguish the presence of adenine nucleotides depending on the other stimulus components. This work aims at correlating the sensory information arising from the labral apical sensilla with the feeding behavior in response to the same stimuli. The saline stimulating solution, containing adenine nucleotides, is modulated by changing one of the following components: salt concentration, buffer or pH. Cell 3 that responds to NaCl in a dose dependent manner seems to have another unique modality. The response of this cell is unaffected by ATP when the stimulating solution is NaCl buffered by NaHCO3. It responds at a higher spike frequency to the presence of ATP in a NaCl solution without NaHCO3. Thus in the presence of ATP Cell 3 detects whether the NaCl solution is buffered by NaHCO3. Both the blood feeding response and the sensory information from Cell 2 (which responds at high spike frequencies to the presence of ATP) are modulated by pH in a similar way. Both responses present a bi-modal response, with a major peak at pH 4.0 and a moderate peak at the most alkaline pH value tested.

Factors modulating the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti (Culicidae) blood feeding behaviour and electrophysiological “responses” of labral apical chemoreceptors to adenine nucleotides

CRNJAR, ROBERTO MASSIMO;LISCIA, ANNA MARIA
1999

Abstract

The feeding of Aedes aegypti (L.) on blood is induced by the presence of phagostimulants: adenine nucleotides. Three chemoreceptive cells in the labral apical sensilla can distinguish the presence of adenine nucleotides depending on the other stimulus components. This work aims at correlating the sensory information arising from the labral apical sensilla with the feeding behavior in response to the same stimuli. The saline stimulating solution, containing adenine nucleotides, is modulated by changing one of the following components: salt concentration, buffer or pH. Cell 3 that responds to NaCl in a dose dependent manner seems to have another unique modality. The response of this cell is unaffected by ATP when the stimulating solution is NaCl buffered by NaHCO3. It responds at a higher spike frequency to the presence of ATP in a NaCl solution without NaHCO3. Thus in the presence of ATP Cell 3 detects whether the NaCl solution is buffered by NaHCO3. Both the blood feeding response and the sensory information from Cell 2 (which responds at high spike frequencies to the presence of ATP) are modulated by pH in a similar way. Both responses present a bi-modal response, with a major peak at pH 4.0 and a moderate peak at the most alkaline pH value tested.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/1174
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