Density and biomass of bacteria, meio- and macrofauna were examined along a transect of eight stations (5-135 m depth) facing the estuary of the river Entella (Ligurian Sea) during summer 1990. Sediment samples were collected to determine organic detritus composition (total organic matter, lipid, protein and carbohydrate concentrations) and microphytobenthic biomass (as chlorophyll-a). Synoptic water samples were collected to determine the quantity and the quality of suspended matter (total suspended matter, particulate lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and chloroplastic pigments). Particulate organic matter in the surface water decreased from the coast towards the open sea both in quality and quantity. By contrast, the organic-matter concentration in the sediment increased with water depth. Quantity and biochemical composition of suspended and sedimentary organic matter affected the distribution of all the benthic assemblages. Bacteria appeared to be controlled by different parameters at different depths: generally they appeared to depend upon sediment particle surface and the quantity of organic matter, but when metazoan (particularly meiofauna) densities were high, grazing pressure might also exert a control on their abundance. The distribution of meio- and macrofauna along the continental shelf of the oligotrophic Ligurian Sea appears to depend more upon the quality of organic matter than on its quantity.

Differential responses of bacteria, meiofauna and macrofauna in a shelf area (Ligurian Sea, NW Mediterranean): role of food availability

PUSCEDDU, ANTONIO
1999

Abstract

Density and biomass of bacteria, meio- and macrofauna were examined along a transect of eight stations (5-135 m depth) facing the estuary of the river Entella (Ligurian Sea) during summer 1990. Sediment samples were collected to determine organic detritus composition (total organic matter, lipid, protein and carbohydrate concentrations) and microphytobenthic biomass (as chlorophyll-a). Synoptic water samples were collected to determine the quantity and the quality of suspended matter (total suspended matter, particulate lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and chloroplastic pigments). Particulate organic matter in the surface water decreased from the coast towards the open sea both in quality and quantity. By contrast, the organic-matter concentration in the sediment increased with water depth. Quantity and biochemical composition of suspended and sedimentary organic matter affected the distribution of all the benthic assemblages. Bacteria appeared to be controlled by different parameters at different depths: generally they appeared to depend upon sediment particle surface and the quantity of organic matter, but when metazoan (particularly meiofauna) densities were high, grazing pressure might also exert a control on their abundance. The distribution of meio- and macrofauna along the continental shelf of the oligotrophic Ligurian Sea appears to depend more upon the quality of organic matter than on its quantity.
Bacteria, Macrofauna, Meiofauna, NW Mediterranean, Sediment chemistry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/123668
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