The Northern Apennines consist of oceanic and continental Mesozoic-Tertiary units thrust over the deepest Tuscan metamorphic units, including Paleozoic successions. Tuscan metamorphic units underwent two Alpine tectono-metamorphic deformation phases, and only pre-Carboniferous ones were subjected to polyphase Variscan metamorphism. For the first Variscan phase with a Sudetian age of 328 ±5.3 Ma, the estimated P-T values are ~0.8 GPa and ~670°C; for the second Variscan phase, P~0.4-0.5 GPa, T~530°C. These P-T conditions were attained only in the Gneiss and Micaschist Complexes. In Larderello Micaschist C. and Gneiss C., pre-Alpine andalusite and muscovite (285±11Ma) might be related to a Late Variscan thermal event (third Variscan phase) with P=0.15-0.25 GPa and T >550 °C. During the first Alpine compressional phase (27-20 Ma), Mesozoic-Tertiary sediments were buried to a maximum depth of 40-55 km. Peak pressure values ranged from 0.8 to 1.2 GPa for Verrucano metasediments (Tuscan metamorphic units), with the exception of those on Giglio Island (1.0-1.5 GPa). The Schistes Lustrés of Gorgona show peak pressure values of 1.3-1.6 GPa, while the same rocks on the Argentario Promontory and Giglio Island are in the range 0.6-0.85 GPa. For both units, temperatures varied from 300° to 420° C (450°- 480°C in the Massa Unit). Extensional tectonics began in the early to late Miocene according to different models, caused very rapid exhumation (rough estimates: 2.0-2.5 mm/yr for the Apuan units and 3.9-4.0 mm/yr for the Schistes Lustrés of Gorgona) up to 10-15 km depth and produced a second main folding metamorphic phase (14-12 Ma) with P=0.3-0.5 GPa and T=300°-370°C. The distribution pattern of Al-silicates reveals that Tuscany is divided into NW-SE trending narrow parallel zones. Metamorphic grade increases from an eastern kaolinite-bearing zone to a central kyanite-bearing zone corresponding to the Massa Unit-Larderello alignment and then shows a westward decrease in the Punta Bianca-Elba areas. Similarly, non-metamorphic rocks show a rough decrease in illite crystallinity (°D2Q increase) from west to east and from the lower to upper tectonic units. In Southern Tuscany and in the Tuscan Archipelago, Tortonian-Quaternary magmatism produced contact metamorphism and hydrothermal alterations

Variscan and Alpine metamorphic events in the Northern Apennines (Italy): a review

FRANCESCHELLI, MARCELLO
;
2004

Abstract

The Northern Apennines consist of oceanic and continental Mesozoic-Tertiary units thrust over the deepest Tuscan metamorphic units, including Paleozoic successions. Tuscan metamorphic units underwent two Alpine tectono-metamorphic deformation phases, and only pre-Carboniferous ones were subjected to polyphase Variscan metamorphism. For the first Variscan phase with a Sudetian age of 328 ±5.3 Ma, the estimated P-T values are ~0.8 GPa and ~670°C; for the second Variscan phase, P~0.4-0.5 GPa, T~530°C. These P-T conditions were attained only in the Gneiss and Micaschist Complexes. In Larderello Micaschist C. and Gneiss C., pre-Alpine andalusite and muscovite (285±11Ma) might be related to a Late Variscan thermal event (third Variscan phase) with P=0.15-0.25 GPa and T >550 °C. During the first Alpine compressional phase (27-20 Ma), Mesozoic-Tertiary sediments were buried to a maximum depth of 40-55 km. Peak pressure values ranged from 0.8 to 1.2 GPa for Verrucano metasediments (Tuscan metamorphic units), with the exception of those on Giglio Island (1.0-1.5 GPa). The Schistes Lustrés of Gorgona show peak pressure values of 1.3-1.6 GPa, while the same rocks on the Argentario Promontory and Giglio Island are in the range 0.6-0.85 GPa. For both units, temperatures varied from 300° to 420° C (450°- 480°C in the Massa Unit). Extensional tectonics began in the early to late Miocene according to different models, caused very rapid exhumation (rough estimates: 2.0-2.5 mm/yr for the Apuan units and 3.9-4.0 mm/yr for the Schistes Lustrés of Gorgona) up to 10-15 km depth and produced a second main folding metamorphic phase (14-12 Ma) with P=0.3-0.5 GPa and T=300°-370°C. The distribution pattern of Al-silicates reveals that Tuscany is divided into NW-SE trending narrow parallel zones. Metamorphic grade increases from an eastern kaolinite-bearing zone to a central kyanite-bearing zone corresponding to the Massa Unit-Larderello alignment and then shows a westward decrease in the Punta Bianca-Elba areas. Similarly, non-metamorphic rocks show a rough decrease in illite crystallinity (°D2Q increase) from west to east and from the lower to upper tectonic units. In Southern Tuscany and in the Tuscan Archipelago, Tortonian-Quaternary magmatism produced contact metamorphism and hydrothermal alterations
Variscan metamorphism; Alpine metamorphism; P-T condition; radiometric age; Northern Apennines; Tuscany
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Franceschelli et al. (2004).pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Dimensione 3.23 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.23 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/12844
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 31
social impact