An SH-wave seismic reflection experiment was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and cost effectiveness of reflection imaging ultrashallow targets commonly encountered in engineering, groundwater, and environmental investigations. It was carried out on a purpose-built subsurface ground model consisting of a concrete layer, at a depth from 2.85-5 in, and a low-velocity overburden (< 80 and 150 m/s for S- and P-waves., respectively), constituted of filling material. with the water table 2.60 in deep. High-quality CDP data, acquired by using a 10-kg sledgehammer and newly designed horizontal detectors, allowed us to obtain an extremely detailed stacked section with a minimal amount of processing. Uncertainty in determining the depth and horizontal dimensions of the concrete model was estimated to be 0.2 and 0.3 in, respectively; however, the dominant frequencies lower than 150 Hz, the low-transmission coefficient at the upper interface, and the relatively high velocity (900 m/s) of the concrete layer prevented us from resolving the layer thickness. The experiment demonstrates that when overburden materials exhibit low velocities (a common condition in near surface), the SH-wave seismic reflection method is a reliable, detailed, and cost-effective technique to image ultrashallow targets, even in disturbed material and below the water table.
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|Titolo:||An ultrashallow SH-wave seismic reflection experiment on a subsurface ground model|
DEIDDA, GIAN PIERO (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|