In this review various aspects concerning the application of capillary (zone) electrophoresis for peptide analysis will be critically examined. First, the basic instrumental requirements of CE apparatus and the strategies employed to enhance sensitivity in the analysis of underivatized sample are described. Multidimensional separative techniques of complex peptide mixtures that use CE as final step and the coupling of CE with mass spectrometry are subsequently discussed. A theoretical section describes the relationships existing between peptide mobility and the pH of the separation buffer. These relationships evidence that proton dissociation constants and Stokes radius at different protonation stages can be calculated by measuring the electrophoretic mobility at different pH values. Investigation of peptide mobility dependence on pH allows us to establish the optimum conditions, in terms of resolution, for peptide separation. Subsequently, a critical discussion about semiempirical models predicting peptide mobility as a function of chemico-physical peptide properties is presented. A section is devoted to the description of principles of peptide affinity capillary electrophoresis, underlining the similarity with peptide-proton interaction. CE separations performed in aquo-organic solvents are also critically discussed, showing the good performance obtained by using water-2,2,2- trifluoroethanol solutions. Finally, selected CE applications for the determination of peptide chemico-physical properties and conventional analysis, like peptide mapping, are reported.

Peptide analysis by capillary (zone) electrophoresis

MESSANA, IRENE;
1997

Abstract

In this review various aspects concerning the application of capillary (zone) electrophoresis for peptide analysis will be critically examined. First, the basic instrumental requirements of CE apparatus and the strategies employed to enhance sensitivity in the analysis of underivatized sample are described. Multidimensional separative techniques of complex peptide mixtures that use CE as final step and the coupling of CE with mass spectrometry are subsequently discussed. A theoretical section describes the relationships existing between peptide mobility and the pH of the separation buffer. These relationships evidence that proton dissociation constants and Stokes radius at different protonation stages can be calculated by measuring the electrophoretic mobility at different pH values. Investigation of peptide mobility dependence on pH allows us to establish the optimum conditions, in terms of resolution, for peptide separation. Subsequently, a critical discussion about semiempirical models predicting peptide mobility as a function of chemico-physical peptide properties is presented. A section is devoted to the description of principles of peptide affinity capillary electrophoresis, underlining the similarity with peptide-proton interaction. CE separations performed in aquo-organic solvents are also critically discussed, showing the good performance obtained by using water-2,2,2- trifluoroethanol solutions. Finally, selected CE applications for the determination of peptide chemico-physical properties and conventional analysis, like peptide mapping, are reported.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/1354
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