In this work, nanocrystal formulations, containing two different diclofenac acid crystal forms, were developed with the aim to improve dermal drug bioavailability. Nanosuspensions were obtaining using wet media milling technique and were characterized in terms of size distribution, morphology, zeta potential, differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray powder diffractometry. The ability of the nanocrystals to improve dermal drug bioavailability was investigated in vitro using Franz diffusion vertical cells and newborn pig skin, in comparison with diclofenac acid coarse suspensions and a commercial topical formulation containing diclofenac sodium. Nanocrystals exhibited a mean diameter ranging between 279 and 315 nm and a PI lower than 0.25, as shown by PCS measurements. The XRDP and DSC analysis clearly indicated that the preparation process did not modify the diclofenac polymorphic forms. In vitro transdermal delivery experiments showed an improved skin deposition and permeation of the nanocrystals compared to coarse suspensions and diclofenac sodium commercial topical formulation. These results highlight the fundamental role of the crystal size on drug solubility and, thus, on the ability of a poorly soluble drug to cross the skin and accumulate in the deeper skin layers.

Novel nanosized formulations of two diclofenac acid polymorphs to improve topical bioavailability

PIREDDU, ROSA;SINICO, CHIARA;ENNAS, GUIDO;MARONGIU, FRANCESCA;LAI, FRANCESCO;FADDA, ANNA MARIA
2015

Abstract

In this work, nanocrystal formulations, containing two different diclofenac acid crystal forms, were developed with the aim to improve dermal drug bioavailability. Nanosuspensions were obtaining using wet media milling technique and were characterized in terms of size distribution, morphology, zeta potential, differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray powder diffractometry. The ability of the nanocrystals to improve dermal drug bioavailability was investigated in vitro using Franz diffusion vertical cells and newborn pig skin, in comparison with diclofenac acid coarse suspensions and a commercial topical formulation containing diclofenac sodium. Nanocrystals exhibited a mean diameter ranging between 279 and 315 nm and a PI lower than 0.25, as shown by PCS measurements. The XRDP and DSC analysis clearly indicated that the preparation process did not modify the diclofenac polymorphic forms. In vitro transdermal delivery experiments showed an improved skin deposition and permeation of the nanocrystals compared to coarse suspensions and diclofenac sodium commercial topical formulation. These results highlight the fundamental role of the crystal size on drug solubility and, thus, on the ability of a poorly soluble drug to cross the skin and accumulate in the deeper skin layers.
Crystal polymorphs; Dermal delivery; Diclofenac acid; DSC; Nanocrystals; Nanosuspension; XRD; 3003
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/140694
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