A capillary electrophoresis apparatus was used as sampler for flow injection analysis (FIA) in tandem mass spectrometry of l-carnitine and its acetyl- and propionyl-metabolites in human plasma. The capillary electrophoresis instrument was coupled to the ion trap mass spectrometer by an electrospray ionization coaxial sheath liquid interface. The electrophoresis capillary introduced the sample directly into the source by applying a prolonged sample injection. The use of the capillary electrophoresis apparatus miniaturised the FIA procedure, substantially reducing the quantities of solvents and samples used, and allowed rapid automated sequential analyses. The method was optimised and validated using a dialyzed human plasma matrix. The plasma samples were analysed after a simple, rapid deproteinisation procedure with acetonitrile and diluted 70 times before direct injection into the mass spectrometer for product ion scan MS/MS analysis in positive ionisation. The total analysis time was 5 min, including capillary preconditioning and acquisition time (3 min). The method was sensitive, allowing the determination of l-, l-acetyl- and l-propionyl-carnitines at 140, 14 and 3.6 nM concentrations (injected values) corresponding to lower limit of quantitation values in plasma of 10, 1 and 0.25 μM, respectively. The method was processed for full validation and applied to the analysis of l-carnitine and its short chain derivatives in human plasma samples.

Rapid determination of short chain carnitines in human plasma by electrospray ionisation-ion trap mass spectrometry using capillary electrophoresis instrument as sampler

MESSANA, IRENE;
2007

Abstract

A capillary electrophoresis apparatus was used as sampler for flow injection analysis (FIA) in tandem mass spectrometry of l-carnitine and its acetyl- and propionyl-metabolites in human plasma. The capillary electrophoresis instrument was coupled to the ion trap mass spectrometer by an electrospray ionization coaxial sheath liquid interface. The electrophoresis capillary introduced the sample directly into the source by applying a prolonged sample injection. The use of the capillary electrophoresis apparatus miniaturised the FIA procedure, substantially reducing the quantities of solvents and samples used, and allowed rapid automated sequential analyses. The method was optimised and validated using a dialyzed human plasma matrix. The plasma samples were analysed after a simple, rapid deproteinisation procedure with acetonitrile and diluted 70 times before direct injection into the mass spectrometer for product ion scan MS/MS analysis in positive ionisation. The total analysis time was 5 min, including capillary preconditioning and acquisition time (3 min). The method was sensitive, allowing the determination of l-, l-acetyl- and l-propionyl-carnitines at 140, 14 and 3.6 nM concentrations (injected values) corresponding to lower limit of quantitation values in plasma of 10, 1 and 0.25 μM, respectively. The method was processed for full validation and applied to the analysis of l-carnitine and its short chain derivatives in human plasma samples.
Capillary electrophoresis; Flow injection analysis; Carnitine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/16118
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