This short review highlights the effect of electrolytes on the performance of proteins-mesoporous silica conjugates which can open interesting perspectives in biotechnological fields, particularly nanomedicine and biocatalysis. Indeed therapeutic proteins and peptides represent a challenging innovation for several kinds of diseases, but since their self-life in biological fluids is very short, they need a stealth protective carrier. Similarly, enzymes need a solid support to improve thermal stability and to allow for recycling. Ordered mesoporous silica materials represent a valid choice as widely demonstrated. Both proteins and silica mesoporous materials possess charged surfaces, and here, the crucial role of pH, buffer, ionic strength and electrolyte type is posed in relation with loading/release of proteins onto/from the silica support through the analysis of adsorption and release processes. A delicate interplay of electrostatic and van der Waals interactions arises from considering electrolytes' effects on the two different charged surfaces. Clear outcomes concern the effect of pH and ionic strength. Protein loading onto the silica matrix is favored by an adsorbing solution having a pH close to the protein p. I, and by a high ionic strength that reduces the Debye length. Release is instead favored by an adsorbing solution characterized by an intermediate ionic strength, close to the physiological values. Significant specific ions effects are shown to affect both proteins and silica matrices, as well as protein adsorption onto silica matrices. Further work is needed to quantify specific ion effects on the preservation of the biological activity, and on the release performance

Effect of electrolytes on proteins physisorption on ordered mesoporous silica materials

SALIS, ANDREA;MEDDA, LUCA;CUGIA, FRANCESCA;MONDUZZI, MAURA
2016

Abstract

This short review highlights the effect of electrolytes on the performance of proteins-mesoporous silica conjugates which can open interesting perspectives in biotechnological fields, particularly nanomedicine and biocatalysis. Indeed therapeutic proteins and peptides represent a challenging innovation for several kinds of diseases, but since their self-life in biological fluids is very short, they need a stealth protective carrier. Similarly, enzymes need a solid support to improve thermal stability and to allow for recycling. Ordered mesoporous silica materials represent a valid choice as widely demonstrated. Both proteins and silica mesoporous materials possess charged surfaces, and here, the crucial role of pH, buffer, ionic strength and electrolyte type is posed in relation with loading/release of proteins onto/from the silica support through the analysis of adsorption and release processes. A delicate interplay of electrostatic and van der Waals interactions arises from considering electrolytes' effects on the two different charged surfaces. Clear outcomes concern the effect of pH and ionic strength. Protein loading onto the silica matrix is favored by an adsorbing solution having a pH close to the protein p. I, and by a high ionic strength that reduces the Debye length. Release is instead favored by an adsorbing solution characterized by an intermediate ionic strength, close to the physiological values. Significant specific ions effects are shown to affect both proteins and silica matrices, as well as protein adsorption onto silica matrices. Further work is needed to quantify specific ion effects on the preservation of the biological activity, and on the release performance
Adsorption, Electrolytes, Ordered mesoporous silica materials, Therapeutic proteins enzymes, Biotechnology, Colloid and surface chemistry, Physical and theoretical chemistry, Surfaces and interfaces
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/173145
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