Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), based on the MCM-41 matrix, were functionalized with amino groups, and then with hyaluronic acid (HA) or chitosan (CHIT) to fabricate bioactive conjugates. The role of the functional groups toward cytotoxicity and cellular uptake was investigated using 3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. A very high biocompatibility of MSN-NH2, MSN-HA and MSN-CHIT matrices was assessed through the MTS biological assay and Coulter counter evaluation. No significant differences in cytotoxicity data arise from the presence of different functional groups in the investigated MSNs. Fluorescence microscopy experiments performed using fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated MSN-NH2, MSN-HA, and MSN-CHIT, and transmission electron microscopy experiments performed on slices of the investigated systems embedded in epoxy resins give evidence of significant differences due to type of functionalization in terms of cellular uptake and stability of the particles in the biological medium. MSN-NH2 and MSN-HA conjugates are easily internalized, the uptake of the HA-functionalized MSNs being much higher than that of the -NH2-functionalized MSNs. Differently, MSN-CHIT conjugates tend to give large aggregates dispersed in the medium or localized at the external surface of the cell membranes. Both fluorescence microscopy and TEM images show that the MSNs are distributed in the cytoplasm of the cells in the case of MSN-NH2 and MSN-HA, whereas only a few particles are internalized in the case of MSN-CHIT. Flow cytometry experiments confirmed quantitatively the selectively high cellular uptake of MSN-HA particles

Mesoporous silica nanoparticles functionalized with hyaluronic acid and chitosan biopolymers. Effect of functionalization on cell internalization

SALIS, ANDREA;FANTI, MAURA;MEDDA, LUCA;NAIRI, VALENTINA;CUGIA, FRANCESCA;PILUDU, MARCO;SOGOS, VALERIA;MONDUZZI, MAURA
2016

Abstract

Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), based on the MCM-41 matrix, were functionalized with amino groups, and then with hyaluronic acid (HA) or chitosan (CHIT) to fabricate bioactive conjugates. The role of the functional groups toward cytotoxicity and cellular uptake was investigated using 3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. A very high biocompatibility of MSN-NH2, MSN-HA and MSN-CHIT matrices was assessed through the MTS biological assay and Coulter counter evaluation. No significant differences in cytotoxicity data arise from the presence of different functional groups in the investigated MSNs. Fluorescence microscopy experiments performed using fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated MSN-NH2, MSN-HA, and MSN-CHIT, and transmission electron microscopy experiments performed on slices of the investigated systems embedded in epoxy resins give evidence of significant differences due to type of functionalization in terms of cellular uptake and stability of the particles in the biological medium. MSN-NH2 and MSN-HA conjugates are easily internalized, the uptake of the HA-functionalized MSNs being much higher than that of the -NH2-functionalized MSNs. Differently, MSN-CHIT conjugates tend to give large aggregates dispersed in the medium or localized at the external surface of the cell membranes. Both fluorescence microscopy and TEM images show that the MSNs are distributed in the cytoplasm of the cells in the case of MSN-NH2 and MSN-HA, whereas only a few particles are internalized in the case of MSN-CHIT. Flow cytometry experiments confirmed quantitatively the selectively high cellular uptake of MSN-HA particles
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/173147
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