The essay analyses the events relating to the construction of the psychiatric unit of the new city public hospital of Cagliari, in Sardinia, through the cross-examination of sources. The application of Savoy laws in Sardinia appears to be ephemeral for what concerns mental health. If, on the one hand, the law makes it compulsory for criminals to undergo a psychiatric assessment as well as for furious maniacs to be admitted to hospital, the care centers available in the island are, on the other hand, in such a state that the persons hospitalized for psychiatric illnesses run the risk of seeing their condition worsen rather than improve, leaving aside the fact that admission is often denied to them tout court. In 1854, when a patient, already wellknown to the Public Prosecutor’s Office and to the courthouse, escapes twice from the care center, the Home Office and public opinion became aware for the first time of the conditions in which psychiatric patients live in Sardinia. The result of such new consciousness is a process of reforms aimed at modifying the project for the new hospital, which dates back to 1844, and the institution of a special unit destined to become a psychiatric ward and which will be inaugurated as late as in 1859.

Archives judiciaires et archives de la folie

TASCA, CECILIA;RAPETTI, MARIANGELA
2016

Abstract

The essay analyses the events relating to the construction of the psychiatric unit of the new city public hospital of Cagliari, in Sardinia, through the cross-examination of sources. The application of Savoy laws in Sardinia appears to be ephemeral for what concerns mental health. If, on the one hand, the law makes it compulsory for criminals to undergo a psychiatric assessment as well as for furious maniacs to be admitted to hospital, the care centers available in the island are, on the other hand, in such a state that the persons hospitalized for psychiatric illnesses run the risk of seeing their condition worsen rather than improve, leaving aside the fact that admission is often denied to them tout court. In 1854, when a patient, already wellknown to the Public Prosecutor’s Office and to the courthouse, escapes twice from the care center, the Home Office and public opinion became aware for the first time of the conditions in which psychiatric patients live in Sardinia. The result of such new consciousness is a process of reforms aimed at modifying the project for the new hospital, which dates back to 1844, and the institution of a special unit destined to become a psychiatric ward and which will be inaugurated as late as in 1859.
Fruit d’une réflexion menée sur la base d’une analyse croisée de plusieurs fonds d’archives, le présent essai fait état des événements qui durant la première moitié du XIXe siècle présidèrent à la création d’un service spécifiquement destiné aux aliénés au sein des structures du Archives judiciaires et archives de la folie. Ou comment un repris de justice, en s’enfuy (...) nouvel hôpital civil construit à Cagliari, dans l’île de Sardaigne, finalement inauguré en 1859 au terme d’un cheminement administratif particulièrement tortueux. Longuement attendue, cette innovation importante rend effective l’application sur le territoire insulaire des lois en vigueur dans le reste du royaume de Piémont, une mesure restée largement inopérante dans le domaine de la santé mentale, particulièrement délaissé par les autorités locales. Alors que les dispositions officielles prônent l’expertise psychiatrique des criminels et le suivi des maniaques furieux, la déliquescence des structures insulaires ne permet pas l’accueil de tous les aliénés, qui se voient par ailleurs réservés des traitements déjà considérés comme anachroniques. En 1854, la fuite d’un patient révèle à l’opinion publique les conditions lamentables dans lesquelles les malades psychiatriques sont pris en charge en Sardaigne. Ce fait divers très local va contraindre les autorités à réagir au plus haut niveau, déterminant ainsi non seulement la modification du projet de construction du nouvel hôpital, mais bien une remise en question profonde de la gestion des aliénés dans toute l’île.
folie; hospices; hôpitaux; Sardaigne; Italie
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/173435
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