This study presents an intermingled fractal model (IFU) capable of simulating the porous microstructure of natural calcareous stone substrate, typical of Apulia Region (Pietra Leccese, PL) used in historical buildings. The developed model is aimed at predicting, by an analytical approach, the thermal conductivity of these materials. To verify the actual ability of the proposed method to predict stone thermal conductivity, the intermingled fractal units model was applied to untreated natural stone, and to the same stone, treated with a novel UV-light curable O-I hybrid coating. The application of hydrophobic polymers to stone materials is, in fact, an effective way to preserve stone artifacts and protect cultural heritage from decay. To this aim, a novel experimental photopolymerizable organic-inorganic (O-I) hybrid protective coating, mainly intended for the protection of PL stone, was previously developed by some of the authors. The innovative hybrid product evidenced an extraordinary hydrophobicity, able to guarantee a very high preservation of the stone from water actions, as well as another important property required to a protective, i.e., a high traspirability of the stone substrate. Furthermore, the experimental product proposed was able to equal the performance of commercial available products, with the adjunctive advantage to be free-solvent.

Thermal conductivity of porous stones treated with UV light-cured hybrid organic-inorganic methacrylic-based coating. Experimental and fractal modeling procedure

PIA, GIORGIO;CASNEDI, MARIA LUDOVICA;SANNA, ULRICO UMBERTO MARIA
2016

Abstract

This study presents an intermingled fractal model (IFU) capable of simulating the porous microstructure of natural calcareous stone substrate, typical of Apulia Region (Pietra Leccese, PL) used in historical buildings. The developed model is aimed at predicting, by an analytical approach, the thermal conductivity of these materials. To verify the actual ability of the proposed method to predict stone thermal conductivity, the intermingled fractal units model was applied to untreated natural stone, and to the same stone, treated with a novel UV-light curable O-I hybrid coating. The application of hydrophobic polymers to stone materials is, in fact, an effective way to preserve stone artifacts and protect cultural heritage from decay. To this aim, a novel experimental photopolymerizable organic-inorganic (O-I) hybrid protective coating, mainly intended for the protection of PL stone, was previously developed by some of the authors. The innovative hybrid product evidenced an extraordinary hydrophobicity, able to guarantee a very high preservation of the stone from water actions, as well as another important property required to a protective, i.e., a high traspirability of the stone substrate. Furthermore, the experimental product proposed was able to equal the performance of commercial available products, with the adjunctive advantage to be free-solvent.
Cultural heritage; Fractal model porosity; Organic-inorganic hybrids; Photopolymerizable methacrylic protective coating; Pore size distribution; Thermal conductivity; Organic Chemistry; Surfaces, Coatings and Films; Materials Chemistry2506 Metals and Alloys; Chemical Engineering (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/177613
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