Aims The physiological responses during dormancy removal and multi-phasic germination were investigated in seeds of Paeonia corsica (Paeoniaceae). Methods Seeds of P. corsica were incubated in the light at a range of temperatures (10-25 and 25/10°C), without any pre-treatment, after W (3 months at 25°C), C (3 months at 5°C) and W + C (3 months at 25°C followed by 3 months at 5°C) stratification, and a GA3 treatment (250 mg·l-1 in the germination substrate). Embryo growth, time from testa to endosperm rupture and radicle emergence were assessed as separate phases. Epicotyl-plumule emergence was evaluated incubating the germinated seeds at 15°C for 2 weeks, at 5 and 25°C for 2 months on agar water before transplanting to the soil substrate at 10, 15 and 20°C and at 15°C for 2 months on the surface agar water with GA3. Important Findings Embryo growth, testa rupture, endosperm rupture (radicle emergence) and growth of the epicotyl were identified as four sequential steps in seeds of P. corsica. Gibberellic acid alone and warm stratification followed by 15°C promoted embryo growth and subsequent seed germination. Cold stratification induced secondary dormancy, even when applied after warm stratification. After radicle emergence, epicotyl-plumule emergence was delayed for ca. 3 months. Mean time of epicotyl-plumule emergence was positively affected by cold stratification (2 months at 5°C) and GA3. P. corsica seeds exhibited differential temperature sensitivity for the four sequential steps in the removal of dormancy and germination processes that resulted in the precise and optimal timing of seedling emergence

Sequential temperature control of multi-phasic dormancy release and germination of Paeonia corsica seeds

PORCEDDU, MARCO;MATTANA, EFISIO;BACCHETTA, GIANLUIGI
2016

Abstract

Aims The physiological responses during dormancy removal and multi-phasic germination were investigated in seeds of Paeonia corsica (Paeoniaceae). Methods Seeds of P. corsica were incubated in the light at a range of temperatures (10-25 and 25/10°C), without any pre-treatment, after W (3 months at 25°C), C (3 months at 5°C) and W + C (3 months at 25°C followed by 3 months at 5°C) stratification, and a GA3 treatment (250 mg·l-1 in the germination substrate). Embryo growth, time from testa to endosperm rupture and radicle emergence were assessed as separate phases. Epicotyl-plumule emergence was evaluated incubating the germinated seeds at 15°C for 2 weeks, at 5 and 25°C for 2 months on agar water before transplanting to the soil substrate at 10, 15 and 20°C and at 15°C for 2 months on the surface agar water with GA3. Important Findings Embryo growth, testa rupture, endosperm rupture (radicle emergence) and growth of the epicotyl were identified as four sequential steps in seeds of P. corsica. Gibberellic acid alone and warm stratification followed by 15°C promoted embryo growth and subsequent seed germination. Cold stratification induced secondary dormancy, even when applied after warm stratification. After radicle emergence, epicotyl-plumule emergence was delayed for ca. 3 months. Mean time of epicotyl-plumule emergence was positively affected by cold stratification (2 months at 5°C) and GA3. P. corsica seeds exhibited differential temperature sensitivity for the four sequential steps in the removal of dormancy and germination processes that resulted in the precise and optimal timing of seedling emergence
Cold/warm stratification, Embryo growth, Epicotyl dormancy, Paeoniaceae, Seed dormancy, Ecology Evolution, Behavior and systematics, Plant science, Ecology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/177977
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