The 2014 European elections were characterized by the electoral growth of Eurosceptic parties. However, the party-based Euroscepticism is only one side of the coin. There is a need of adding the spread of Eurosceptic feelings within the public opinion. By considering 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014 European elections, this paper aims to explain both Eurosceptic voting and feelings resorting to macroeconomic variables. After investigating the concept of Euroscepticism, the first part provides a descriptive analysis of the electoral performances of Eurosceptic parties within the 28 EU member states, by making a distinction between the elections held before (1999 and 2004) and after the outbreak of the economic crisis (2009 and 2014). The same descriptive strategy is used regarding the public Euroscepticism. The second part provides inferential analyses to explain both party-based and public Euroscepticism. To this end, the article focuses on: 1) macroeconomic variables; 2) control variables related to the incidence of the electoral campaign, the relationship between the European Union and its member states, the level of economic wealth of the member states. Even the economic crisis is conceived as an intervening variable. The article shows that the change in the unemployment rate is the most significant independent variable.
|Titolo:||Economia, opinione pubblica ed euroscetticismo. Un’analisi longitudinale dal 1999 al 2014|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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