This study tested the efficacy of Zn-Al sulphate layered double hydroxides (LDH) as sorbent to remove antimony from circum-neutral solutions. Results of experimentation showed that Sb(V) in the anionic form Sb(OH)6− can be efficiently removed from aqueous solutions through an exchange process with the SO42− present in the interlayer; total removal can be achieved within 6–24 h for A ≥2, where A is the ratio of the maximum theoretical anion exchange capacity (AEC) to the initial Sb concentration, both expressed in milliequivalents per liter. The complex rearrangement of the LDH structure to host Sb(OH)6− in the interlayer is correlated to an initial fast removal of the contaminant, followed by a progressive slowing down of the exchange process. The overall speed of the process is again a direct function of A; in practice, the sorbent dose should be carefully evaluated to balance cost/efficacy/timing of the water treatment. Comparison with previous studies documenting Zn-Al sulphate LDH efficacy as arsenate and molybdate sorbent indicates a comparable affinity for As(V) and Sb(V), higher than for Mo(VI). The results of this study reinforce the possible key role of Zn-Al sulphate LDHs in water treatment for pH ranging from circum-neutral to moderately alkaline, thanks to their capability to rearrange the original structure in order to host different-sized/charged anions.

Antimony Removal from Aqueous Solutions by the Use of Zn-Al Sulphate Layered Double Hydroxide

ARDAU, CARLA;FRAU, FRANCO;LATTANZI, PIERFRANCO
2016

Abstract

This study tested the efficacy of Zn-Al sulphate layered double hydroxides (LDH) as sorbent to remove antimony from circum-neutral solutions. Results of experimentation showed that Sb(V) in the anionic form Sb(OH)6− can be efficiently removed from aqueous solutions through an exchange process with the SO42− present in the interlayer; total removal can be achieved within 6–24 h for A ≥2, where A is the ratio of the maximum theoretical anion exchange capacity (AEC) to the initial Sb concentration, both expressed in milliequivalents per liter. The complex rearrangement of the LDH structure to host Sb(OH)6− in the interlayer is correlated to an initial fast removal of the contaminant, followed by a progressive slowing down of the exchange process. The overall speed of the process is again a direct function of A; in practice, the sorbent dose should be carefully evaluated to balance cost/efficacy/timing of the water treatment. Comparison with previous studies documenting Zn-Al sulphate LDH efficacy as arsenate and molybdate sorbent indicates a comparable affinity for As(V) and Sb(V), higher than for Mo(VI). The results of this study reinforce the possible key role of Zn-Al sulphate LDHs in water treatment for pH ranging from circum-neutral to moderately alkaline, thanks to their capability to rearrange the original structure in order to host different-sized/charged anions.
Anionic exchange, Antimony contamination, Sorption systems, Wastewater treatment, Zn-Al sulphate layered double hydroxide, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Chemistry, Ecological Modeling, Water Science and Technology, Pollution
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/181738
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