This study reports the assessment of helical coil-packed bed columns for Zn2+ adsorption on bone char. Zn2+ adsorption breakthrough curves have been obtained using helical coil columns with different characteristics and a comparison has been conducted with respect to the results of straight fixed-bed columns. Results showed that the helical coil adsorption columns may offer an equivalent removal performance than that obtained for the traditional packed bed columns but using a compact structure. However, the coil diameter, number of turns, and feed flow appear to be crucial parameters for obtaining the best performance in this packed-bed geometry. A mass transfer model for a mobile fluid flowing through a porous media was used for fitting and predicting the Zn2+ breakthrough curves in helical coil bed columns. Results of adsorbent physicochemical characterization showed that Zn2+ adsorption on bone char can be attributed to an ion-exchange mechanism. In summary, helical coil columns appear to be a feasible configuration for large-scale adsorption systems with high flow rates where a significant reduction on purification system size can be obtained without compromising the adsorbent performance.

Adsorption of zinc ions on bone char using helical coil-packed bed columns and its mass transfer modeling

MASCIA, MICHELE;ERRICO, MASSIMILIANO
2016

Abstract

This study reports the assessment of helical coil-packed bed columns for Zn2+ adsorption on bone char. Zn2+ adsorption breakthrough curves have been obtained using helical coil columns with different characteristics and a comparison has been conducted with respect to the results of straight fixed-bed columns. Results showed that the helical coil adsorption columns may offer an equivalent removal performance than that obtained for the traditional packed bed columns but using a compact structure. However, the coil diameter, number of turns, and feed flow appear to be crucial parameters for obtaining the best performance in this packed-bed geometry. A mass transfer model for a mobile fluid flowing through a porous media was used for fitting and predicting the Zn2+ breakthrough curves in helical coil bed columns. Results of adsorbent physicochemical characterization showed that Zn2+ adsorption on bone char can be attributed to an ion-exchange mechanism. In summary, helical coil columns appear to be a feasible configuration for large-scale adsorption systems with high flow rates where a significant reduction on purification system size can be obtained without compromising the adsorbent performance.
Adsorption; Bone char; Helical coil-packed columns; Mass transfer model; Zinc; Pollution; Water Science and Technology; Ocean Engineering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/182376
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