Trastuzumab (TZB) has been shown to be extremely effective in breast cancer patients over-expressing HER-2, but careful cardiac monitoring is required when TZB is administered with anthracyclines, since the combination can increase its toxicity. Myocardial deformation indexes associated with speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) have proven to be very sensitive in identifying early myocardial dysfunction. An observational, prospective study was designed to assess TZB-induced cardiac damage using STE in patients with HER-2 positive breast cancer who had been sequentially treated with TZB following epirubicin (EPI). Conventional echocardiographic parameters and STE deformation indexes (longitudinal, radial, and circumferential strain/strain rate and apical rotation) were analyzed at baseline, after each EPI treatment, and 1 week after every other dose of TZB administration until 1 year follow up, in order to focus on the timing and extent of myocardial impairment. In the forty-five enrolled patients, a reduction in subendocardial function after EPI treatment was observed by a significant impairment of the global longitudinal strain/strain rate (GLS/SR), while a significant increase in the activity of the subepicardial fibers was highlighted by an increase in apical rotation. After the second TZB dose, a sudden reduction of the apical rotation was seen, together with circumferential and radial strain/SR. Most importantly, the extent to which the apical rotation increased and decreased was found to strictly correlate with the GLS reduction at follow up. We found that after EPI therapy, subendocardial function was impaired, even while a compensatory increase in apical rotation occurred. Following TZB treatment, we observed impairment in apical rotation, which seems to be the first sign of global LV dysfunction predicting GLS reduction found at the end of treatment.
|Titolo:||Timing of the negative effects of trastuzumab on cardiac mechanics after anthracycline chemotherapy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|