Distribution system state estimation (DSSE) tools are required to estimate the real operating conditions of power distribution networks. The accuracy of the quantities estimated through DSSE plays a key role in the effectiveness of the management and control functions. This paper presents a comprehensive mathematical analysis aimed at highlighting the most important factors affecting the accuracy of the voltage profile obtained by means of weighted least squares estimators. The proposed analysis shows the way in which the uncertainty components of the voltage estimations depend on the measurement system available on the field. In particular, this paper considers synchrophasor measurements provided by phasor measurement units and hybrid measurement systems also presenting conventional devices. Tests performed on a 95-bus network prove the validity of the theoretical analysis and show the importance of the results also from a meter placement perspective, emphasizing the requirements needed to achieve specific accuracy targets.

Uncertainty of Voltage Profile in PMU-Based Distribution System State Estimation

MUSCAS, CARLO;PEGORARO, PAOLO ATTILIO;SULIS, SARA
2016

Abstract

Distribution system state estimation (DSSE) tools are required to estimate the real operating conditions of power distribution networks. The accuracy of the quantities estimated through DSSE plays a key role in the effectiveness of the management and control functions. This paper presents a comprehensive mathematical analysis aimed at highlighting the most important factors affecting the accuracy of the voltage profile obtained by means of weighted least squares estimators. The proposed analysis shows the way in which the uncertainty components of the voltage estimations depend on the measurement system available on the field. In particular, this paper considers synchrophasor measurements provided by phasor measurement units and hybrid measurement systems also presenting conventional devices. Tests performed on a 95-bus network prove the validity of the theoretical analysis and show the importance of the results also from a meter placement perspective, emphasizing the requirements needed to achieve specific accuracy targets.
Distribution system state estimation (DSSE); meter placement; phasor measurement units (PMUs); uncertainty analysis; voltage estimation; weighted least squares (WLS) estimators; Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Instrumentation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/186518
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