Graphene/silica nanocomposites in the form of highly porous aerogels are obtained for the first time by integrating a novel approach for the production of low defectivity graphene with a two-step route for the synthesis of a silica-based monolith. Different from the other synthetic methods, the use of cogelation of a dispersed phase and matrix followed by high temperature supercritical drying leads to well dispersed bilayered graphene inside a high surface area silica matrix with an open texture porosity. Physico-chemical characterization provides evidence that the developed graphene/SiO2 bulk aerogel nanocomposites combine the distinct features of both the dispersed graphene sheets and the porous silica aerogel matrix. It was found that incorporation of graphene in the aerogel, even at low loading, increases significantly the hydrophobic behaviour of the materials. This, combined with the high surface/volume ratio of the aerogel, makes the resulting nanocomposite a suitable candidate as a novel oil sorbent for water remediation. In particular, the developed graphene/silica aerogels selectively and quickly uptake oil, up to more than 7 times the aerogel sorbent mass, from oil-water mixtures, and keeps floating on water after absorbing the oil phase. The suitability of the developed composites as a class of novel sorbents for environmental remediation in the occurrence of flammable liquid spills, where burning represents a major threat, is supported by the specific features of silica aerogels such as a relative fire-resistance, in addition to the high porosity and hydrophobic nature.

Incorporation of Graphene into Silica-based Aerogels and Application for Water Remediation

LOCHE, DANILO;MALFATTI, LUCA;MARIANI, ALBERTO;CASULA, MARIA FRANCESCA
2016

Abstract

Graphene/silica nanocomposites in the form of highly porous aerogels are obtained for the first time by integrating a novel approach for the production of low defectivity graphene with a two-step route for the synthesis of a silica-based monolith. Different from the other synthetic methods, the use of cogelation of a dispersed phase and matrix followed by high temperature supercritical drying leads to well dispersed bilayered graphene inside a high surface area silica matrix with an open texture porosity. Physico-chemical characterization provides evidence that the developed graphene/SiO2 bulk aerogel nanocomposites combine the distinct features of both the dispersed graphene sheets and the porous silica aerogel matrix. It was found that incorporation of graphene in the aerogel, even at low loading, increases significantly the hydrophobic behaviour of the materials. This, combined with the high surface/volume ratio of the aerogel, makes the resulting nanocomposite a suitable candidate as a novel oil sorbent for water remediation. In particular, the developed graphene/silica aerogels selectively and quickly uptake oil, up to more than 7 times the aerogel sorbent mass, from oil-water mixtures, and keeps floating on water after absorbing the oil phase. The suitability of the developed composites as a class of novel sorbents for environmental remediation in the occurrence of flammable liquid spills, where burning represents a major threat, is supported by the specific features of silica aerogels such as a relative fire-resistance, in addition to the high porosity and hydrophobic nature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/193438
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