Relapsing Devic's neuromyelitis optica (DNO) may be clinically undistinguishable from multiple sclerosis (MS), thus the differential diagnosis relies mainly on neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings. We studied CSF samples from 44 patients with DNO submitted to at least one lumbar puncture. Pleocytosis, IgG synthesis and blood brain barrier damage were the most frequent abnormalities, pleocytosis being very suggestive of DNO in patients fulfilling clinical and MRI diagnostic criteria. Pleocytosis ≥50 cells/mm3 is more frequent in the active phases of the disease. Oligoclonal bands (OBs) should be re-considered within the diagnostic criteria of DNO for possible variations in time: at variance with MS they may also disappear. Thus, more than one CSF examination should be done in the presence of suspected DNO, preferably in different disease phases. Although uncommon, OBs do not exclude DNO if optic nerve and spinal cord are the only sites of white matter damage, provided that cerebral MRI is normal at onset and during follow up.

Cerebrospinal fluid findings in Devic's neuromyelitis optica

MARROSU, MARIA GIOVANNA;COCCO, ELEONORA;
2004

Abstract

Relapsing Devic's neuromyelitis optica (DNO) may be clinically undistinguishable from multiple sclerosis (MS), thus the differential diagnosis relies mainly on neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings. We studied CSF samples from 44 patients with DNO submitted to at least one lumbar puncture. Pleocytosis, IgG synthesis and blood brain barrier damage were the most frequent abnormalities, pleocytosis being very suggestive of DNO in patients fulfilling clinical and MRI diagnostic criteria. Pleocytosis ≥50 cells/mm3 is more frequent in the active phases of the disease. Oligoclonal bands (OBs) should be re-considered within the diagnostic criteria of DNO for possible variations in time: at variance with MS they may also disappear. Thus, more than one CSF examination should be done in the presence of suspected DNO, preferably in different disease phases. Although uncommon, OBs do not exclude DNO if optic nerve and spinal cord are the only sites of white matter damage, provided that cerebral MRI is normal at onset and during follow up.
Cerebrospinal fluid; Devic's neuromyelitis optica; Diagnostic criteria; Multiple sclerosis; Oligoclonal bands; Medicine (all); 2708; Neurology (clinical); Psychiatry and Mental Health
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/195946
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 44
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 34
social impact