In this study we present our experience concerning bilateral hand transplantation. Two cases were performed: the first in January 2000 and the second in April 2003. Both recipients received the same immunosuppressive treatment, which was similar to those used in solid organ transplantation, including tacrolimus, prednisone and mycophenolate mofetil while antithymocyte globulins were added for induction. Both recipients presented two episodes of acute rejection (maculopapular lesions) in the first 3 months after transplantation; however, these were easily reversed after a few days increasing oral steroid doses and using topical immunosuppressants. The first recipient presented hyperglycemia and serum sickness while the second recipient suffered a thrombosis of the right ulnar artery and an osteomyelitis of left ulna. All the complications were successfully treated. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) showed that cortical hand representation progressively shifted from the lateral to the medial region in the motor cortex. After 6 and 2 years respectively, they showed a relevant sensorimotor recovery particularly of sensibility and activity of intrinsic muscles. They were able to perform the majority of daily activities and to lead a normal social life. The first recipient has been working since 2003. They are both satisfied with their grafted hands.

Bilateral hand transplantation: six years after the first case

PETRUZZO, PALMINA;
2006

Abstract

In this study we present our experience concerning bilateral hand transplantation. Two cases were performed: the first in January 2000 and the second in April 2003. Both recipients received the same immunosuppressive treatment, which was similar to those used in solid organ transplantation, including tacrolimus, prednisone and mycophenolate mofetil while antithymocyte globulins were added for induction. Both recipients presented two episodes of acute rejection (maculopapular lesions) in the first 3 months after transplantation; however, these were easily reversed after a few days increasing oral steroid doses and using topical immunosuppressants. The first recipient presented hyperglycemia and serum sickness while the second recipient suffered a thrombosis of the right ulnar artery and an osteomyelitis of left ulna. All the complications were successfully treated. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) showed that cortical hand representation progressively shifted from the lateral to the medial region in the motor cortex. After 6 and 2 years respectively, they showed a relevant sensorimotor recovery particularly of sensibility and activity of intrinsic muscles. They were able to perform the majority of daily activities and to lead a normal social life. The first recipient has been working since 2003. They are both satisfied with their grafted hands.
Bilateral hand transplantation; Immunosuppression; Functional recovery
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/20191
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