Microbial resistance to conventional antibiotics is one of the most outstanding medical and scientific challenges of our times. Despite the recognised need for new anti-infective agents, however, very few new drugs have been brought to the market and to the clinic in the last three decades. This review highlights the properties of a new class of antibiotics, namely dendrimeric peptides. These intriguing novel compounds, generally made of multiple peptidic sequences linked to an inner branched core, display an array of antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal activities, usually coupled to low haemolytic activity. In addition, several peptides synthesized in oligobranched form proved to be promising tools for the selective treatment of cancer cells.

Antimicrobial dendrimeric peptides: Structure, activity and new therapeutic applications

SCORCIAPINO, MARIANO ANDREA;SERRA, ILARIA;MANZO, GIORGIA;RINALDI, ANDREA
2017

Abstract

Microbial resistance to conventional antibiotics is one of the most outstanding medical and scientific challenges of our times. Despite the recognised need for new anti-infective agents, however, very few new drugs have been brought to the market and to the clinic in the last three decades. This review highlights the properties of a new class of antibiotics, namely dendrimeric peptides. These intriguing novel compounds, generally made of multiple peptidic sequences linked to an inner branched core, display an array of antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal activities, usually coupled to low haemolytic activity. In addition, several peptides synthesized in oligobranched form proved to be promising tools for the selective treatment of cancer cells.
Antifungal; Antimicrobial peptides; Antitumor; Antiviral; Biofilms; Biophysical methods; Dendrimers; Model membranes; Molecular dynamics; NMR; Peptidomimetics; Animals; Anti-bacterial agents; Anti-infective agents; Antifungal agents; Antimicrobial cationic peptides; Bacteria; Biological mimicry; Dendrimers; Drug design; Drug resistance, Microbial; Fungi; Humans; Microbial sensitivity tests; Catalysis; Molecular biology; Computer science application; Computer vision and pattern recognition; Spectroscopy; Physical and theoretical chemistry; Organic chemistry; Inorganic chemistry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/217609
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