In people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) with little or no signs of disability, early detection of walking impairments represents a challenging issue, as simple gait metrics (e.g. speed, cadence, stride length, etc.) may not significantly differ from those of healthy individuals. In this study, we aimed to assess the existence of possible differences in spatial-temporal parameters and smoothness of gait measures (assessed through Harmonic Ratio, HR) obtained from trunk accelerations between 50pwMS without disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale score =1) and 50 age-matched healthy controls. The results show no differences in terms of gait velocity, stride length, stance/swing and double support phases duration, while HR in the direction of motion was significantly lower in pwMS (2.92 vs. 3.67, p<0.001), thus indicating a less smooth gait. The study of trunk accelerations through calculation of HR represents a fast, non-intrusive technique that allows early identification of anomalies in gait patterns of pwMS in absence of disability.

Smoothness of gait detects early alterations of walking in persons with multiple sclerosis without disability

PAU, MASSIMILIANO;MANDARESU, SERENA;PILLONI, GIUSEPPINA;PORTA, MICAELA;COGHE, GIANCARLO;MARROSU, MARIA GIOVANNA;COCCO, ELEONORA
2017-01-01

Abstract

In people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS) with little or no signs of disability, early detection of walking impairments represents a challenging issue, as simple gait metrics (e.g. speed, cadence, stride length, etc.) may not significantly differ from those of healthy individuals. In this study, we aimed to assess the existence of possible differences in spatial-temporal parameters and smoothness of gait measures (assessed through Harmonic Ratio, HR) obtained from trunk accelerations between 50pwMS without disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale score =1) and 50 age-matched healthy controls. The results show no differences in terms of gait velocity, stride length, stance/swing and double support phases duration, while HR in the direction of motion was significantly lower in pwMS (2.92 vs. 3.67, p<0.001), thus indicating a less smooth gait. The study of trunk accelerations through calculation of HR represents a fast, non-intrusive technique that allows early identification of anomalies in gait patterns of pwMS in absence of disability.
2017
Accelerometer; Gait; Harmonic ratio; Low disability; Spatial-temporal parameters
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/220553
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