Statherin is a multifunctional polypeptide specific of human saliva involved in oral calcium homeostasis, phosphate buffering and formation of protein networks. Salivary P-B peptide is usually included into the basic proline-rich protein family but it shows some similarities with statherin and its specific biological role is still undefined. In this study, various fragments and derivatives of statherin and P-B peptide were consistently detected by RP-HPLC ESI-IT MS in 23 samples of human saliva. They were: statherin mono- and non-phosphorylated, statherin Des-Phe (43) (statherin SV1), statherin Des-Thr(42), Phe(43), statherin Des-Asp(1), statherin Des(6-15) (statherin SV2), statherin Des(1-9), statherin Des(1-10), statherin Des(1-13) and P-B Des(1-5). Statherin SV3 (sta therin Des(6-15), Phe(43)) was detected only in one sample. Identity of the fragments was confirmed either by MS/MS experiments or by enzymatic digestion or by Edman sequencing. Detection of the fragments suggests that statherin and P-B peptide are submitted to post-translational proteolytic cleavages that are common to other classes of salivary proteins.

Detection in human saliva of different statherin and P-B fragments and derivatives

CABRAS, TIZIANA;MESSANA, IRENE;
2006

Abstract

Statherin is a multifunctional polypeptide specific of human saliva involved in oral calcium homeostasis, phosphate buffering and formation of protein networks. Salivary P-B peptide is usually included into the basic proline-rich protein family but it shows some similarities with statherin and its specific biological role is still undefined. In this study, various fragments and derivatives of statherin and P-B peptide were consistently detected by RP-HPLC ESI-IT MS in 23 samples of human saliva. They were: statherin mono- and non-phosphorylated, statherin Des-Phe (43) (statherin SV1), statherin Des-Thr(42), Phe(43), statherin Des-Asp(1), statherin Des(6-15) (statherin SV2), statherin Des(1-9), statherin Des(1-10), statherin Des(1-13) and P-B Des(1-5). Statherin SV3 (sta therin Des(6-15), Phe(43)) was detected only in one sample. Identity of the fragments was confirmed either by MS/MS experiments or by enzymatic digestion or by Edman sequencing. Detection of the fragments suggests that statherin and P-B peptide are submitted to post-translational proteolytic cleavages that are common to other classes of salivary proteins.
HUMAN-PAROTID-SALIVA ; PROTEOME ; PROLINE-RICH PROTEINS ; MASS-SPECTROMETRY; LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/23881
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