The emission of 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) is increasingly emerging as a potential behavioral marker of the subjective effects that psychoactive drugs elicit in rats. However, multiple categories of 50-kHz USVs have been identified, which are thought to possess different behavioral significance. Besides, limited information is available on how psychoactive drugs affect the emission of categorized 50-kHz USVs. To further elucidate this issue, we evaluated the numbers of multiple categories of 50-kHz USVs emitted by rats repeatedly treated with amphetamine (1 or 2 mg/kg, i.p.) or apomorphine (2 or 4 mg/kg, i.p.), two drugs that elicit similar and dissimilar subjective effects. Amphetamine- and apomorphine-treated rats emitted patterns of categorized 50-kHz USVs that varied according to the drug administered, drug dose, and number of drug administrations. Nevertheless, the numbers of several categories of 50-kHz USVs were positively correlated with the number of total calls emitted (i.e., the sum of categorized 50-kHz USVs). Moreover, a marked interindividual variability in the emission of categorized 50-kHz USVs was observed. Taken together, the present results may be relevant to further elucidating the interplay between calling of the 50-kHz USVs group and psychopharmacological profile of drugs.

Emission of categorized 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations in rats repeatedly treated with amphetamine or apomorphine: possible relevance to drug-induced modifications in the emotional state

Simola, Nicola;Costa, Giulia
2018

Abstract

The emission of 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) is increasingly emerging as a potential behavioral marker of the subjective effects that psychoactive drugs elicit in rats. However, multiple categories of 50-kHz USVs have been identified, which are thought to possess different behavioral significance. Besides, limited information is available on how psychoactive drugs affect the emission of categorized 50-kHz USVs. To further elucidate this issue, we evaluated the numbers of multiple categories of 50-kHz USVs emitted by rats repeatedly treated with amphetamine (1 or 2 mg/kg, i.p.) or apomorphine (2 or 4 mg/kg, i.p.), two drugs that elicit similar and dissimilar subjective effects. Amphetamine- and apomorphine-treated rats emitted patterns of categorized 50-kHz USVs that varied according to the drug administered, drug dose, and number of drug administrations. Nevertheless, the numbers of several categories of 50-kHz USVs were positively correlated with the number of total calls emitted (i.e., the sum of categorized 50-kHz USVs). Moreover, a marked interindividual variability in the emission of categorized 50-kHz USVs was observed. Taken together, the present results may be relevant to further elucidating the interplay between calling of the 50-kHz USVs group and psychopharmacological profile of drugs.
call subtype; flat; frequency modulated; motivation; reward
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Simola & Costa BBR 2018.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: versione editoriale
Dimensione 1.54 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.54 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/240421
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact