Gout is the most common form of arthritis in adults. It is often associated with other comorbidities, which contraindicate the use of conventional therapies. The discovery of the role of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in orchestrating the monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammatory response offered new therapeutic prospects to refractory patients, or to those in whom standard therapies are contraindicated. This paper describes a clinical case of a 65-year-old man with chronic tophaceous gouty arthropathy and subintrant flares, who had comorbidities contraindicating the use of conventional gout therapies-to which he did not respond-who was treated with canakinumab, a monoclonal selective inhibitor of IL-1β. The patient reported a gradual, rapid, and significant reduction in pain, with a response observed within 12 h of the administration of the drug. Consistent with previous clinical studies, canakinumab appeared to be a viable, safe, and effective alternative to conventional therapies in this patient with gout who had limited therapeutic options.

A Beacon in the Dark: Canakinumab. A New Therapeutic Perspective in Chronic Tophaceous Gout

Firinu, Davide
Penultimo
;
Del Giacco, Stefano
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

Gout is the most common form of arthritis in adults. It is often associated with other comorbidities, which contraindicate the use of conventional therapies. The discovery of the role of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in orchestrating the monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammatory response offered new therapeutic prospects to refractory patients, or to those in whom standard therapies are contraindicated. This paper describes a clinical case of a 65-year-old man with chronic tophaceous gouty arthropathy and subintrant flares, who had comorbidities contraindicating the use of conventional gout therapies-to which he did not respond-who was treated with canakinumab, a monoclonal selective inhibitor of IL-1β. The patient reported a gradual, rapid, and significant reduction in pain, with a response observed within 12 h of the administration of the drug. Consistent with previous clinical studies, canakinumab appeared to be a viable, safe, and effective alternative to conventional therapies in this patient with gout who had limited therapeutic options.
2018
Canakinumab; Chronic tophaceous gout; Interleukin-1β; Refractory gouty arthropathy; Treatment options
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/241131
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