Background: Concerns about the adverse effects of long-term treatment with lithium include reduced renal function. In the present study, we examined comorbidities which may be associated with chronic kidney disease in a cohort of patients treated with lithium for up to 41 years.Methods: We studied 394 patients who were treated with lithium for >= 5 years. The potential role of comorbidities (diabetes, concurrent antihypertensive medication, treatment with l-thyroxine, and presence of antithyroid peroxidase/microsomes, anti-thyroglobulin, and/or anti-thyrotropin-receptor antibodies) was analysed. We focused on the categories of patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) lower than 60 or 45 mL/min/1.73 m(2) as calculated from serum creatinine according to the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study Group. We applied multivariate regression analysis and Cox survival analysis to study the effects exerted by sex, age, duration of lithium treatment, and comorbidities using eGFR categories as the dependent variable. Kaplan-Meier curves were generated to measure the time to decline to an eGFR lower than 45 mL/min/1.73 m(2) in patients with positive or negative thyroid antibodies.Results: Age was associated with a decline to an eGFR lower than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) after controlling for sex, duration of lithium treatment, and comorbidities. Circulating thyroid antibodies were associated with a decline to an eGFR lower than 45 mL/min/1.73 m(2).Conclusions: The present study is the first to suggest a potential role of circulating thyroid antibodies in the severe decline of eGFR in lithium-treated patients.
|Titolo:||Circulating antithyroid antibodies contribute to the decrease of glomerular filtration rate in lithium-treated patients: a longitudinal study|
BOCCHETTA, ALBERTO [Conceptualization] (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Tipologia:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|