This study aims to assess the reliability of satellite-precipitation products from the Global Precipitation Measurements (GPM) mission in regions with complex landscape morphology. Our analysis is carried out in the European mid-latitude area, namely on the two major islands of Mediterranean Sea, i.e. Sardinia and Sicily (Italy). Both islands experience precipitation originating from the interaction of steep orography on the coasts with winds carrying humid air masses from the Mediterranean Sea. The GPM post real-time IMERG (Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals from Global Precipitation Measurement) “Final” run product at 0.1° spatial resolution and half-hour temporal resolution have been selected for the two-year 2015–2016 period. Evaluation and comparison ofthe selected product, withreferenceto raingauge network data, areperformed athourly and daily time scales using statistical and graphical tools. The influences of morphology and land-sea coastal area transition on the reliability of the GPM product have been analysed. Confirming previous studies, results showed that GPM satellite data slightly overestimate rainfall over the study areas, but they are well correlated with the interpolated raingauge data. Metrics based on occurrences above a given threshold and on total volume above the same threshold were applied and revealed better performances for the latter ones. Applying the same metrics we show how GPM performances improve as the temporal aggregation increases. Several drawbacks were detected in the coastal areas, which were characterized by worse performances than internal areas. Statistics are generally very similar for the two considered case studies (i.e., Sardinia and Sicily) except for correlation between topography and accuracy of GPM products, which was slightly higher for Sardinia.

Performances of GPM satellite precipitation over the two major Mediterranean islands

Caracciolo, Domenico;Viola, Francesco;Deidda, Roberto
2018

Abstract

This study aims to assess the reliability of satellite-precipitation products from the Global Precipitation Measurements (GPM) mission in regions with complex landscape morphology. Our analysis is carried out in the European mid-latitude area, namely on the two major islands of Mediterranean Sea, i.e. Sardinia and Sicily (Italy). Both islands experience precipitation originating from the interaction of steep orography on the coasts with winds carrying humid air masses from the Mediterranean Sea. The GPM post real-time IMERG (Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals from Global Precipitation Measurement) “Final” run product at 0.1° spatial resolution and half-hour temporal resolution have been selected for the two-year 2015–2016 period. Evaluation and comparison ofthe selected product, withreferenceto raingauge network data, areperformed athourly and daily time scales using statistical and graphical tools. The influences of morphology and land-sea coastal area transition on the reliability of the GPM product have been analysed. Confirming previous studies, results showed that GPM satellite data slightly overestimate rainfall over the study areas, but they are well correlated with the interpolated raingauge data. Metrics based on occurrences above a given threshold and on total volume above the same threshold were applied and revealed better performances for the latter ones. Applying the same metrics we show how GPM performances improve as the temporal aggregation increases. Several drawbacks were detected in the coastal areas, which were characterized by worse performances than internal areas. Statistics are generally very similar for the two considered case studies (i.e., Sardinia and Sicily) except for correlation between topography and accuracy of GPM products, which was slightly higher for Sardinia.
Satellite, GPM, IMERG, Rainfall, Mediterranean islands
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/248267
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