Tyrosinase is one of the key enzymes in mammalian melanin biosynthesis. Decreasing tyrosinase activity has been targeted for the prevention of conditions related to the hyperpigmentation of the skin, such as melasma and age spots. This paper is devoted to the engineering of vesicle formulations loaded with 3-hydroxycoumarin for topical pharmaceutical applications. At first, it was demonstrated the strong inhibiting ability of 3-hydroxycoumarin against recombinant human tyrosinase. Then, such a drug was effectively encapsulated within liquid or gel-like vesicle formulations, both based on monoolein and lauroylcholine chloride. In vitro skin penetration and permeation studies proved these formulations efficiently overcome the barrier represented by the stratum corneum, delivering 3-hydroxycoumarin to the deeper skin layers. The effect of applying for different times the liquid and the gel formulation was also evaluated. Results revealed that application of the gel formulation for 2 h favored the drug accumulation into the skin with low transdermal delivery, thus indicating this combination of administration time and formulation as ideal to locally inhibit tyrosinase activity with minimal systemic absorption. Moreover, when incubated with B16F10 melanoma cells, the liquid vesicle formulations did not show cytotoxic activity.

3-Hydroxycoumarin loaded vesicles for recombinant human tyrosinase inhibition in topical applications

Schlich, Michele
Co-primo
;
Fornasier, Marco
Co-primo
;
Nieddu, Mariella;Sinico, Chiara;Murgia, Sergio
;
Rescigno, Antonio
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Tyrosinase is one of the key enzymes in mammalian melanin biosynthesis. Decreasing tyrosinase activity has been targeted for the prevention of conditions related to the hyperpigmentation of the skin, such as melasma and age spots. This paper is devoted to the engineering of vesicle formulations loaded with 3-hydroxycoumarin for topical pharmaceutical applications. At first, it was demonstrated the strong inhibiting ability of 3-hydroxycoumarin against recombinant human tyrosinase. Then, such a drug was effectively encapsulated within liquid or gel-like vesicle formulations, both based on monoolein and lauroylcholine chloride. In vitro skin penetration and permeation studies proved these formulations efficiently overcome the barrier represented by the stratum corneum, delivering 3-hydroxycoumarin to the deeper skin layers. The effect of applying for different times the liquid and the gel formulation was also evaluated. Results revealed that application of the gel formulation for 2 h favored the drug accumulation into the skin with low transdermal delivery, thus indicating this combination of administration time and formulation as ideal to locally inhibit tyrosinase activity with minimal systemic absorption. Moreover, when incubated with B16F10 melanoma cells, the liquid vesicle formulations did not show cytotoxic activity.
Gels; Hyperpigmentation; Liposomes; Melanoma cells; Skin disorders; Transdermal delivery; Biotechnology; Surfaces and interfaces; Physical and theoretical chemistry; Colloid and surface chemistry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/250026
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