Findings from studies using animal models expressing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mutations in RNA-binding proteins, such as Transactive Response DNA-binding protein-43 (TDP-43), indicate that this protein, which is involved in multiple functions, including transcriptional regulation and pre-mRNA splicing, represents a key candidate in ALS development. This study focuses on characterizing, in a Drosophila genetic model of ALS (TDP-43), the effects of Mucuna pruriens (Mpe) and Withania somnifera (Wse). Electrophysiological and behavioural data in TDP-43 mutant flies revealed anomalous locomotion (i.e. impaired climbing with unexpected hyperactivity) and sleep dysregulation. These features, in agreement with previous findings with a different ALS model, were at least partially, rescued by treatment with Mpe and Wse. In addition, electrophysiological recordings from dorsal longitudinal muscle fibers and behavioral observations of TDP-43 flies exposed to the volatile anaesthetics, diethyl ether or chloroform, showed paradoxical responses, which were normalized upon Mpe or Wse treatment. Hence, given the involvement of some potassium channels in the effects of anaesthetics, our results also hint toward a possible dysregulation of some potassium channels in the ALS-TDP-43 Drosophila model, that might shed new light on future therapeutic strategies pertaining to ALS.

Standardized phytotherapic extracts rescue anomalous locomotion and electrophysiological responses of TDP-43 Drosophila melanogaster model of ALS

Riccardo Maccioni
Co-primo
;
Maria Dolores Setzu
Co-primo
;
Giuseppe Talani
Co-primo
;
Paolo Solari;Simona Porru;Patrizia Muroni;Enrico Sanna;Elio Acquas;Anna Liscia
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Findings from studies using animal models expressing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mutations in RNA-binding proteins, such as Transactive Response DNA-binding protein-43 (TDP-43), indicate that this protein, which is involved in multiple functions, including transcriptional regulation and pre-mRNA splicing, represents a key candidate in ALS development. This study focuses on characterizing, in a Drosophila genetic model of ALS (TDP-43), the effects of Mucuna pruriens (Mpe) and Withania somnifera (Wse). Electrophysiological and behavioural data in TDP-43 mutant flies revealed anomalous locomotion (i.e. impaired climbing with unexpected hyperactivity) and sleep dysregulation. These features, in agreement with previous findings with a different ALS model, were at least partially, rescued by treatment with Mpe and Wse. In addition, electrophysiological recordings from dorsal longitudinal muscle fibers and behavioral observations of TDP-43 flies exposed to the volatile anaesthetics, diethyl ether or chloroform, showed paradoxical responses, which were normalized upon Mpe or Wse treatment. Hence, given the involvement of some potassium channels in the effects of anaesthetics, our results also hint toward a possible dysregulation of some potassium channels in the ALS-TDP-43 Drosophila model, that might shed new light on future therapeutic strategies pertaining to ALS.
Drosophila melanogaster; Phytotherapic extracts; Neurodegeneration; ASL; Electrophysiology; Behaviour
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/253582
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