The lattice thermal conductivity of the candidate thermoelectric material Mg3Sb2 is studied from first principles, with the inclusion of anharmonic, isotope, and boundary scattering processes, and via an accurate solution of the Boltzmann equation. We find that the anomalously low observed conductivity is due to grain- boundary scattering of phonons, whereas the purely anharmonic conductivity is an order of magnitude larger. Mass disorder due to alloying and off-stoichiometry is also found to contribute significantly to its decrease. Combining ab initio values vs sample size with measured grain-size distributions, we obtain an estimate of κ vs T in nanopolycrystalline material in good agreement with typical experiments, and compute the ZT figure of merit in the various cases.

Ab initio thermal conductivity of thermoelectric Mg3Sb2: Evidence for dominant extrinsic effects

Maccioni, Maria Barbara
Primo
;
Farris, Roberta
Secondo
;
Fiorentini, Vincenzo
Ultimo
2018-01-01

Abstract

The lattice thermal conductivity of the candidate thermoelectric material Mg3Sb2 is studied from first principles, with the inclusion of anharmonic, isotope, and boundary scattering processes, and via an accurate solution of the Boltzmann equation. We find that the anomalously low observed conductivity is due to grain- boundary scattering of phonons, whereas the purely anharmonic conductivity is an order of magnitude larger. Mass disorder due to alloying and off-stoichiometry is also found to contribute significantly to its decrease. Combining ab initio values vs sample size with measured grain-size distributions, we obtain an estimate of κ vs T in nanopolycrystalline material in good agreement with typical experiments, and compute the ZT figure of merit in the various cases.
2018
Termoelettricità; Trasporto termico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/257720
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