This work presents the simple and low cost synthesis of a new tripodal ligand, in which three units of kojic acid are coupled to a tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren) backbone molecule. The protonation equilibria, together with the complex formation equilibria of this ligand with Fe3+, Al3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions were studied. The complementary use of potentiometric, spectrophotometric and NMR techniques, and of Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations, has allowed a thorough characterization of the different species involved in equilibrium. The stability of the formed complexes with Fe3+ and Al3+ are high enough to consider the new ligand for further studies for its clinical applications as a chelating agent. Biodistribution studies were carried out to assess the capacity the ligand for mobilization of gallium in 67Ga-citrate injected mice. These studies demonstrated that this ligand efficiently chelates the radiometal in our animal model, which suggests that it can be a promising candidate as sequestering agent of iron and other hard trivalent metal ions. Furthermore, the good zinc complexation capacity appears as a stimulating result taking into a potential use of this new ligand in analytical chemistry as well as in agricultural and environmental applications.

A new tripodal kojic acid derivative for iron sequestration: Synthesis, protonation, complex formation studies with Fe3+, Al3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+, and in vivo bioassays

Nurchi, Valeria M.;de Guadalupe Jaraquemada-Pelaez, Maria;Crisponi, Guido
;
Lachowicz, Joanna I.;Cappai, Rosita;
2019-01-01

Abstract

This work presents the simple and low cost synthesis of a new tripodal ligand, in which three units of kojic acid are coupled to a tris(2-aminoethyl)amine (tren) backbone molecule. The protonation equilibria, together with the complex formation equilibria of this ligand with Fe3+, Al3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions were studied. The complementary use of potentiometric, spectrophotometric and NMR techniques, and of Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations, has allowed a thorough characterization of the different species involved in equilibrium. The stability of the formed complexes with Fe3+ and Al3+ are high enough to consider the new ligand for further studies for its clinical applications as a chelating agent. Biodistribution studies were carried out to assess the capacity the ligand for mobilization of gallium in 67Ga-citrate injected mice. These studies demonstrated that this ligand efficiently chelates the radiometal in our animal model, which suggests that it can be a promising candidate as sequestering agent of iron and other hard trivalent metal ions. Furthermore, the good zinc complexation capacity appears as a stimulating result taking into a potential use of this new ligand in analytical chemistry as well as in agricultural and environmental applications.
2019
Hydroxypyrones;Tris-hydroxypyrone chelator; Kojic acid; Metal complexation; Solution studies; In vivo bioassays
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/260553
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