Chronic vascular rejection characterized by the myointimal proliferation of smooth muscle cells that progressively obstruct the arterial graft lumen may become the main cause of long-term graft loss in vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA), as observed in solid organ transplantation. As such, new diagnostic tools are required. The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the qualitative and quantitative monitoring of VCA in three patients transplanted between 2005 and 2012. Seven flow MRI acquisitions were performed concurrently with standardized clinical and histological monitoring between 2015 and 2017. A progressive reduction in the average flow rate and intraluminal diameter of the arterial pedicle of the grafts was demonstrated. During follow-up, two patients developed chronic vascular rejection requiring partial resection of the graft. For these patients, flow MRI acquisitions were characterized by a significant reduction in vascular signal, with a reduction in intravascular flow prior to anatomical injury. The results of this study confirm the feasibility of reproducible, non-invasive, and non-operator-dependent morphometric and haemodynamic radiological analysis, providing clinicians with new information on the vascular status of VCA over time and offering the prospect of an imaging technique specific to vascular outflow.

Role of flow magnetic resonance imaging in the monitoring of facial allotransplantations: preliminary results on graft vasculopathy

P. Petruzzo;
2020

Abstract

Chronic vascular rejection characterized by the myointimal proliferation of smooth muscle cells that progressively obstruct the arterial graft lumen may become the main cause of long-term graft loss in vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA), as observed in solid organ transplantation. As such, new diagnostic tools are required. The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of flow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the qualitative and quantitative monitoring of VCA in three patients transplanted between 2005 and 2012. Seven flow MRI acquisitions were performed concurrently with standardized clinical and histological monitoring between 2015 and 2017. A progressive reduction in the average flow rate and intraluminal diameter of the arterial pedicle of the grafts was demonstrated. During follow-up, two patients developed chronic vascular rejection requiring partial resection of the graft. For these patients, flow MRI acquisitions were characterized by a significant reduction in vascular signal, with a reduction in intravascular flow prior to anatomical injury. The results of this study confirm the feasibility of reproducible, non-invasive, and non-operator-dependent morphometric and haemodynamic radiological analysis, providing clinicians with new information on the vascular status of VCA over time and offering the prospect of an imaging technique specific to vascular outflow.
Vascularized composite allotransplantation; Magnetic resonance imaging; Graft rejection; Follow-up studies haemodynamics; Arteries
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11584/273860
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