The consumption of water with fluoride concentration higher than 1.5 mg/L (WHO recommended limit) is recognized to cause serious diseases, and fluoride removal from natural contaminated waters is a health priority for more than 260 million people worldwide. The octacalcium phosphate (OCP), a mineralogical precursor of bioapatite, is here tested as a fluoride remover. A new two-step method for the synthesis of OCP is proposed: 1) synthesis of brushite from calcium carbonate and phosphoric acid; 2) subsequent hydrolysis of brushite. Fluoride removal experiments are performed in batch-mode using different initial concentrations of fluoride (from 40 to 140 mg/L) and reaction times. Most of fluoride is removed within the first 2 h of all experiments, and the drinkable limit of 1.5 mg/L is reached within a minimum of 3 h for an initial fluoride concentration of 40 mg/L. The experimental fluoride removal capacity of OCP is 25.7 mg/g, and 4 g of OCP can effectively treat 1 L of water with fluoride concentration up to 50 times higher than the drinking limit of 1.5 mg/L. XRD and chemical characterization of the solid phases, before and after the removal experiments, indicate that OCP transforms into fluorapatite (FAP) uptaking fluoride from solution.

Defluoridation of water through the transformation of octacalcium phosphate into fluorapatite

Idini A.;Dore E.;Fancello D.;Frau F.
2019-01-01

Abstract

The consumption of water with fluoride concentration higher than 1.5 mg/L (WHO recommended limit) is recognized to cause serious diseases, and fluoride removal from natural contaminated waters is a health priority for more than 260 million people worldwide. The octacalcium phosphate (OCP), a mineralogical precursor of bioapatite, is here tested as a fluoride remover. A new two-step method for the synthesis of OCP is proposed: 1) synthesis of brushite from calcium carbonate and phosphoric acid; 2) subsequent hydrolysis of brushite. Fluoride removal experiments are performed in batch-mode using different initial concentrations of fluoride (from 40 to 140 mg/L) and reaction times. Most of fluoride is removed within the first 2 h of all experiments, and the drinkable limit of 1.5 mg/L is reached within a minimum of 3 h for an initial fluoride concentration of 40 mg/L. The experimental fluoride removal capacity of OCP is 25.7 mg/g, and 4 g of OCP can effectively treat 1 L of water with fluoride concentration up to 50 times higher than the drinking limit of 1.5 mg/L. XRD and chemical characterization of the solid phases, before and after the removal experiments, indicate that OCP transforms into fluorapatite (FAP) uptaking fluoride from solution.
2019
Dissolved fluoride removal;Earth sciences; Environmental geochemistry; Environmental pollution; Environmental science; Materials science; Materials synthesis; OCP synthesis; OCP-FAP transformation; Water defluoridation method; Water pollution; Water quality
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11584/276011
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